Genus Crocus

CrocusCrocus Crocus L., Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753)

Accepted species names:
  • Crocus abantensis T.Baytop & B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 30: 243 (1975)
  • Crocus adanensis T.Baytop & B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 30: 245 (1975)
  • Crocus aerius Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 288 (1847).
  • Crocus alatavicus Regel & Semen., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(1): 434 (1868).
  • Crocus aleppicus Baker, Gard. Chron. 1873: 609 (1873).
  • Crocus almehensis C.D.Brickell & B.Mathew, J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 98: 360 (1973).
  • Crocus ancyrensis (Herb.) Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 528 (1881).
  • Crocus angustifolius Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771).
  • Crocus antalyensis B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 27: 327 (1972).
    • Crocus antalyensis subsp. antalyensis
    • Crocus antalyensis subsp. gemicii ?ik & Erol, Pl. Syst. Evol. 294: 284 (2011).
    • Crocus antalyensis subsp. striatus Erol & Kocyigit, Nordic J. Bot. 28: 187 (2010).
  • Crocus asumaniae B.Mathew & T.Baytop, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 469 (1979).
  • Crocus atticus (Boiss. & Orph.) Orph., Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869: 118 (1870).
  • Crocus autranii Albov, Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 242 (1893).
  • Crocus banaticus J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831).
  • Crocus baytopiorum B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 29: 88 (1974).
  • Crocus beydaglarensis Kernd. & Pasche, Stapfia 95: 100 (2011).
  • Crocus biflorus Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 4 (1768).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. adami (J.Gay) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. albocoronatus Kerndorff, Herbertia 49: 79 (1993 publ. 1994).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. alexandri (Nicic ex Velen.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 85 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. artvinensis (J.Philippow) B.Mathew, Crocus: 84 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. atrospermus Kernd. & Pasche, Plantsman, n.s., 2: 86 (2003).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. biflorus.
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. caelestis Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38: 179 (2006).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. caricus Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 36: 7 (2004).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. crewei (Hook.f.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 81 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. fibroannulatus Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 29(1): 594 (1997).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. ionopharynx Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 36: 6 (2004).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. isauricus (Siehe ex Bowles) B.Mathew, Crocus: 82 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. leucostylosus Kernd. & Pasche, Plantsman, n.s., 2: 87 (2003).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. nubigena (Herb.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 82 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. pseudonubigena B.Mathew, Crocus: 83 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. pulchricolor (Herb.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 85 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. punctatus B.Mathew, Crocus: 83 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. stridii (Papan. & Zacharof) B.Mathew, Crocus: 80 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. tauri (Maw) B.Mathew, Crocus: 85 (1982).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. weldenii (Hoppe & Fürnr.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890).
    • Crocus biflorus subsp. yataganensis Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38: 178 (2006).
  • Crocus boissieri Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 304 (1881).
  • Crocus boryi J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831).
  • Crocus boulosii Greuter, Candollea 23: 45 (1968).
  • Crocus cambessedesii J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831).
  • Crocus cancellatus Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3864 (1841).
    • Crocus cancellatus subsp. cancellatus.
    • Crocus cancellatus subsp. damascenus (Herb.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 68 (1982).
    • Crocus cancellatus subsp. lycius B.Mathew, Crocus: 69 (1982).
    • Crocus cancellatus subsp. mazziaricus (Herb.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 69 (1982).
    • Crocus cancellatus subsp. pamphylicus B.Mathew, Crocus: 69 (1982).
  • Crocus candidus E.D.Clarke, Trav. 2(2): 145 (1812).
  • Crocus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Hisp.: 24 (1842).
  • Crocus cartwrightianus Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 82 (1843).
  • Crocus caspius Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Hohen., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 11: 252 (1838).
  • Crocus chrysanthus (Herb.) Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 83 (1843).
    • Crocus chrysanthus subsp. chrysanthus.
    • Crocus chrysanthus subsp. multifolius Papan. & Zacharof, Bot. Not. 133: 157 (1980).
  • Crocus corsicus Vanucchi, Tabl. Topogr. Med. Corse: s.p. (1838).
  • Crocus cvijicii Kosanin, Glas Srpske Kral. Akad. 119: 23 (1926).
  • Crocus cyprius Boiss. & Kotschy in F.J.A.Unger & C.G.T.Kotschy, Ins. Cypern.: 203 (1865).
  • Crocus dalmaticus Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 1: 119 (1842).
  • Crocus danfordiae Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 781 (1881).
    • Crocus danfordiae subsp. danfordiae.
    • Crocus danfordiae subsp. kurdistanicus Maroofi & Assadi, Iranian J. Bot. 9: 234 (2002).
  • Crocus duplex Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771).
  • Crocus etruscus Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 228 (1860).
  • Crocus fauseri Kernd. & Pasche, Stapfia 95: 99 (2011).
  • Crocus flavus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771).
    • Crocus flavus subsp. dissectus T.Baytop & B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 30: 241 (1975).
    • Crocus flavus subsp. flavus.
    • Crocus flavus subsp. sarichinarensis Rukšans, Crocuses: 157 (2010).
  • Crocus fleischeri J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 319 (1827).
  • Crocus × fritschii Derganc, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 47: 18 (1897).
  • Crocus gargaricus Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841).
  • Crocus gilanicus B.Mathew, in Fl. Iran. 112: 11 (1975).
  • Crocus goulimyi Turrill, Kew Bull. 10: 59 (1955).
    • Crocus goulimyi subsp. goulimyi.
    • Crocus goulimyi subsp. leucanthus (B.Mathew) B.Mathew, Bot. Chron. 13: 257 (2000).
  • Crocus graveolens Boiss. & Reut., Fl. Orient. 5: 107 (1882).
  • Crocus hadriaticus Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 82 (1845).
    • Crocus hadriaticus subsp. hadriaticus.
    • Crocus hadriaticus subsp. parnassicus (B.Mathew) B.Mathew, Bulb Newsl. 32: 7 (2000).
    • Crocus hadriaticus subsp. parnonicus B.Mathew, Bot. Chron. 13: 259 (2000).
  • Crocus hartmannianus Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cypr.: 54 (1914).
  • Crocus hermoneus Kotschy ex Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 559 (1881).
    • Crocus hermoneus subsp. hermoneus.
    • Crocus hermoneus subsp. palaestinus Feinbrun, Israel J. Bot. 26: 180 (1977).
  • Crocus heuffelianus Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 273 (1847).
    • Crocus heuffelianus subsp. heuffelianus.
    • Crocus heuffelianus subsp. scepusiensis (Rehmer & Wol.) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984).
  • Crocus hittiticus T.Baytop & B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 30: 244 (1975).
  • Crocus × hybridus Petrovic, Fl. Agr. Nyss.: 821 (1882).
  • Crocus hyemalis Boiss. & Blanche in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 4: 93 (1859).
  • Crocus ilvensis Peruzzi & Carta, Nordic J. Bot. 29: 7 (2011).
  • Crocus imperati Ten., Mem. Crochi: 10 (1826).
  • Crocus karduchorum Kotschy ex Maw, Gard. Chron. 16: 234 (1881).
  • Crocus kerndorffiorum Pasche, Herbertia 49: 67 (1993 publ. 1994).
  • Crocus korolkowii Maw & Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6: 499 (1879).
  • Crocus kosaninii Pulevic, Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zastitu Prir. Prirodnjacke Zbirke Titogradu 9: 40 (1976).
  • Crocus kotschyanus K.Koch, Index Seminum (B) 1853: 17 (1853).
    • Crocus kotschyanus subsp. cappadocicus B.Mathew, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 393 (1980).
    • Crocus kotschyanus subsp. hakkariensis B.Mathew, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 393 (1980).
    • Crocus kotschyanus subsp. kotschyanus.
  • Crocus laevigatus Bory & Chaub., Exped. Sci. Morée, Bot.: 21 (1832).
  • Crocus leichtlinii (Dewer) Bowles, Handb. Crocus & Colch.: 126 (1924).
  • Crocus ligusticus Mariotti, Candollea 43: 674 (1988).
  • Crocus longiflorus Raf., Caratt. Nuov. Gen.: 84 (1810).
  • Crocus lydius Kernd. & Pasche, Stapfia 95: 101 (2011).
  • Crocus malyi Vis., Mem. Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. 16: 213 (1871).
  • Crocus mathewii Kerndorff & Pasche, New Plantsman 1: 102 (1994).
  • Crocus melantherus Boiss. & Orph. ex Maw, Gard. Chron. 1881(2): 749 (1881).
  • Crocus michelsonii B.Fedtsch. in B.Fedtschenko & al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 328 (1932).
  • Crocus minimus Redouté, Liliac. 2: t. 81 (1804).
  • Crocus minutus Kernd. & Pasche, Stapfia 95: 3 (2011).
  • Crocus moabiticus Bornm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 383 (1912).
  • Crocus naqabensis Al-Eisawi & Kiswani, Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res. 19: 167 (2001).
  • Crocus nerimaniae Yüzb., Plantsman 3: 104 (2004).
  • Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo, Revista Progr. Ci. Exact. 5: 55 (1871).
  • Crocus nivalis Bory & Chaub., Exped. Sci. Morée, Bot.: 21 (1832).
  • Crocus niveus Bowles, Gard. Chron., III, 28: 335 (1900).
  • Crocus nudiflorus Sm., Engl. Bot. 7: t. 491 (1798).
  • Crocus ochroleucus Boiss. & Gaill. in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 4: 93 (1859).
  • Crocus olivieri J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 319 (1831).
    • Crocus olivieri subsp. balansae (J.Gay ex Maw) B.Mathew, Bot. Mag. 179: t. 639 (1973).
    • Crocus olivieri subsp. istanbulensis B.Mathew, Crocus: 99 (1982).
    • Crocus olivieri subsp. olivieri.
  • Crocus oreocreticus B.L.Burtt, Phyton (Horn) 1: 224 (1949).
  • Crocus pallasii Goldb., Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 5: 157 (1817).
    • Crocus pallasii subsp. dispathaceus (Bowles) B.Mathew, Crocus: 54 (1982).
    • Crocus pallasii subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw) B.Mathew, Pl. Syst. Evol. 128: 99 (1977).
    • Crocus pallasii subsp. pallasii.
    • Crocus pallasii subsp. turcinus B.Mathew, Pl. Syst. Evol. 128: 98 (1977).
  • Crocus paschei Kerndorff, Herbertia 49: 76 (1993 publ. 1994).
  • Crocus × paulineae Pasche & Kerndorff, New Plantsman 6: 44 (1999).
  • Crocus pelistericus Pulevic, Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zastitu Prir. Prirodnjacke Zbirke Titogradu 9: 39 (1976).
  • Crocus pestalozzae Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 17 (1854).
  • Crocus pulchellus Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3862 (1841).
  • Crocus purpureus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771).
  • Crocus reticulatus Steven ex Adam, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 45 (1805).
  • Crocus robertianus C.D.Brickell, J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 98: 362 (1973).
  • Crocus rujanensis Randjel. & D.A.Hill, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine Sarajevu. Prir. Nauke 1988: 325 (1988 publ. 1989).
  • Crocus sativus L., Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753).
  • Crocus scardicus Kosanin, Glas Srpske Kral. Akad. 119: 24 (1926).
  • Crocus scharojanii Rupr., Gartenflora 17: 134 (1868).
    • Crocus scharojanii subsp. lazicus (Boiss.) B.Mathew, Plantsman, n.s., 1: 51 (2002).
    • Crocus scharojanii subsp. scharojanii.
  • Crocus serotinus Salisb., Parad. Lond.: t. 30 (1806).
    • Crocus serotinus subsp. clusii (J.Gay) B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977).
    • Crocus serotinus subsp. salzmannii (J.Gay) B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977).
    • Crocus serotinus subsp. serotinus.
  • Crocus sieberi J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831).
  • Crocus sieheanus Barr ex B.L.Burtt, Bot. Mag. 162: t. 9583 (1938).
  • Crocus speciosus M.Bieb., Beschr. Länd. Terek. Casp.: 129 (1800).
    • Crocus speciosus subsp. ilgazensis B.Mathew, Crocus: 111 (1982).
    • Crocus speciosus subsp. speciosus.
    • Crocus speciosus subsp. xantholaimos B.Mathew, Crocus: 111 (1982).
  • Crocus suaveolens Bertol., Descr. Zaffer. Ital.: 3 (1826).
  • Crocus sublimis Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 81 (1845).
  • Crocus suworowianus K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 633 (1848).
  • Crocus tauricus (Trautv.) Puring, Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur'evsk. Univ. 1: 194 (1900).
  • Crocus thirkeanus K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 633 (1848).
  • Crocus thomasii Ten., Mem. Crochi: 12 (1826).
  • Crocus tommasinianus Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 273 (1847).
  • Crocus tournefortii J.Gay, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831).
  • Crocus vallicola Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 2 (1845).
  • Crocus veluchensis Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 80 (1845).
  • Crocus veneris Tapp. ex Poech, Enum. Pl. Cypr.: 10 (1842).
  • Crocus vernus (L.) Hill, Veg. Syst. 10: 1 (1765).
  • Crocus versicolor Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1110 (1808).
  • Crocus vitellinus Wahlenb. in J.Berggren, Resor Eur. Österländ. 2(Bih.): 59 (1826).
  • Crocus wattiorum (B.Mathew) B.Mathew in P.H.Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 272 (2000 publ. 2001).

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Topic revision: r16 - 04 Mar 2016, af.83
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