Neomarica northiana (Schneev.) Sprague
(Schneev.) Sprague, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 280 (1928).
References: Curtis's Botanical Magazine t. 654, 1803
gives this description under the name Marica northiana: "Root fibrous ; caudex short, generally hid by the laterally 3 feet high, linear-lanceolate, flat, polished, with a lateral excision on their inner side for half their length, stiffened from below by a flattish but broad and thick midrib gradually obliterated upwards; stem longer than these, often falcate, sheathed its whole length by the lower brade, which refembles the leaves but is narrower, with this it is entirely grown together ; from near its summit issues laterally the common peduncle or rachis, refracted in the opposite direction and sheathed by the opposite bract which is many times smaller than the lower one ; flower-f3, fometimes twin, terminal one the largest and most flowered; one or more of these instead of flowering is generally transformed into a perfect plant prefently shooting out its fibres through the sheathing bract, its involucre and spathes becoming fo many leaves, it grows and increases thus pensile till its weight bends the mother-ftem near enough to the earth for it to take root therein. Flowers in April and May, but its bloom scarcely lasts through the forenoon ; very fragrant.
Exterior segments of Corolla large, lanceolate-elliptic, interior luburceolately assurgent, obovate-oblong, far fmaller, broad, concave, pubescent ungues, recurved laminae with revolute margins. Pistil rather longer than stamens ; stigmas shortly trifid, two segments upright, acuminate, the third rolling back
forms a kind of lip on the angles and not in the fpace between the angles, as in Iris and Moraea. A native of the Brazils, where it was gathered on the island of Raza, near the mouth of Rio Janeiro, by Sir Joseph Banks; introduced here via
Lisbon, by the late Mrs. North, in honour of whom the gardeners have dubbed it with its present barbarous nick-name. Requires to be kept in the stove, where it flowers freely, does not seed, but produces abundance of offsets or suckers. Our
drawing was taken at Mcffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's Nurslery, Kensington. Gawler."
See also https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30588#page/318/mode/1up
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