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Hybridizer John Salter (1798-1879)

London, England

John Salter was an English gardener, nurseryman and plant breeder, specializing in Irises, Chrysanthemums and Dahilas. Salter was from Hammersmith, England, but moved to France in 1838, presumably because land was cheaper and weather conditions better for growing chrysanthemums. He opened a nursery in Versailles where he developed a large number of flowers, and succesfully experimented with selecting seed to develop variagated foliage.

Charles Darwin corresponded with Salter about his selection methods prior to publication of his "Variations of Animals and Plans Under Domestication." in 1868. The two men exchanged, through correspondence, ideas about the nature and fixity of variations in plants. Some of Salter's observations appear in Darwin's book.

Salter moved back to England in 1848 during a time of political upheaval in France. He opening a nursery in Hammersmith, naming it the Versailles Nursery. The May 28, 1868 issue of the Journal of Horticulture contains an item from Versailles Nursery advertising Iris and Peonies for sale. The nursery closed about 1870.

List of registrations/introductions:

Intermediate Bearded: 'Astarte', 'Fairy Queen', 'Gypsy Queen', 'Mexicana'.

Tall Bearded: 'Abu Hassan', 'Brabant', 'Bridesmaid', 'Delecta', 'Dorinde', 'Fabian', 'Faust', 'Justinian', 'Lady Franklin', 'Mexicana', 'Ossian', 'Penelope', 'Prince of Orange', 'Prince of Wales', 'Queen of May', 'Sceptre', 'Venus'.

-- Main.RPries - 2012-05-18
Topic revision: r17 - 28 Nov 2017, Harloiris
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