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Scientist; Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle (1778-1841)

Also spelled Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (1778-1841); was a Swiss botanist who obtained the title of doctor of medicine at the University of Paris with a trial on the medical properties of plants. Disciple of Lamarck, he then helped him to recast the "Flore Française ou Descriptions Succinctes de Toutes les Plantes qui Croissent Naturellement en France, disposées selon une nouvelle méthode d'analyse, et précédées par un exposé des principes élémentaires de botanique; 3ème édition". Also see hybridizer.

Death notice in Gard. Chronicles; Death of De Candolle. — We lament to say that our letters bring intelligence of the decease of this distinguished botanist and most amiable man, at Geneva, in the evening of September the 9th, He had long been afflicted severely with a dropsical complaint; and was only relieved from his sufferings at the approach of death. The whole botanical world may be regarded as forming the family of De Candolie, and by them his loss will be severely felt. Of the life of one whose labours are so universally known, a hurried sketch, such as our columns can alone admit, would be an ill compliment to the dead, and a poor satisfaction to the living. We shall, therefore, content ourselves with observing, that the great features of M. De Candolie's character were perfect uprightness of conduct and independence of mind in private life, and in the science to which his career was devoted, great learning, sagacity, industry, and good sense, with a just appreciation of the real value of the writings of his contemporaries. Of his numerous publications his Organographie and Phyxiologie Vegetable, his Theorie
ilementaire f and his celebrated Prodromus, are doubtless the works to which posterity will most commonly refer. We trust that the eighth volume of the latter work is in so advanced a state as to enable his relatives to publish it ; but after
that, however much there maybe to hope, there is more to fear.

publications:
  • DE LAMARK & DE CANDOLLE, Flore Française ou Descriptions Succinctes de Toutes les Plantes qui Croissent Naturellement en France, disposées selon une nouvelle méthode d'analyse, et précédées par un exposé des principes élémentaires de botanique_, 3ème édition, 1805-1815:
    • Tome I, 1805: p. 209: I. germanique (Germanica), I. naine (pumila), I. jaunâtre (lutescens), I. faux-acore (pseudacorus), I. des prés (pratensis) , I. fétide (fœtidissima), I. faux-xyphium (xyphioides), Iris graminée (graminea), Iris bâtarde (spuria).
    • Tome III, 1805: p. 236: Iris, Iris Germanica; p. 237: Iris pumila, Iris lutescens, Iris pseudacorus; p. 238: Iris fœtidissima, Iris xyphioides; p. 239: Iris graminea, Iris pratensis, Iris spuria.
    • Tome V, 1815: p. 328-329: Iris Florentina, Iris fœtidissima, Iris tuberosa.
  • REDOUTÉ Pierre-Joseph (botanical illustrator), DE CANDOLLE Augustin-Pyramus (texts author), Tomes I-IV:
Topic revision: r4 - 26 Aug 2017, af.83
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