Systematic Treatment of the Genus Iris by Baker

John Gilbert Baker; Outlined the Genus Iris as part of a comprehensive outline of the family iridaceae in his "Irideae" and later in Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. London 16: 143. 1877 (14 Jul 1877).

Today many authors include Baker's genera Belamcanda, Xiphion, and Hermodactylus within the Genus Iris. In Baker's four genera there were 95 species.

Tribus 3 Aristideae
Genus Belamcanda Tribus 5 Xiphionideae
33. Genus Xiphion
  • Subgenus I. Euxiphion
      • 1. X. vulgare Miller
        • Variety lusitanicum Alefeld
        • Variety sordidum Salisbury
        • Variety serotinum Willk.
        • Variety spectabilis Spach
      • 2. X. latifolium Miller
      • 3. X. histrio Hook fils
      • 4. X. fontanesii Baker
      • 5. X. filifolium Klatt
        • Variety latifolium Baker.
      • 6. X. junceum Klatt
      • 7. X. tingitanum
      • 8. X. reticulatum Klatt
        • Variety krelagei Regel
  • Subgenus II. Juno
      • 9. X. planifolium Miller
      • 10. X. persicum Miller
      • 11. X. palestinum Baker
      • 12. X. caucasicum Baker
      • 13. X. aitchsonii Baker
      • 14. X. stocksii Baker
      • 15. X aucheri Baker
  • Subgenus III Micropogon
      • 1. X. danfordae Baker
Tribus 7 Euirideae
37. Genus Iris (77 species)
  • Subgenus I. Apogon (Beardless Irises)
  • Subgenus II. Oncocyclus (Aril Irises)
      • 34. I. susiana L.
        • Variety livida Tratt.
      • 35. I. iberica Hoffm.
        • Variety Ochracea Regel
        • Variety Heylandiana Boiss.
      • 36. I. saarii Schott
      • 37. I. paradoxa Stev.
      • 38. I. acutiloba C.A. Meyer
  • Subgenus III. Evansia (Crested Irises)
      • 39. I. cristata Solander in Ait.
      • 40. I. lacustris Nuttall
      • 41. I. gracilipes Asa Gray
      • 42. I. speculatrix Hance
      • 43. I. nepalensis D. Don
      • 44. I. japonica Thunb.
  • Subgenus IV. Pogoniris (Bearded Irises)
    • Stirps pumilae
      • 45. I. pumila L.
        • Variety tristis Reich.
        • Variety attica Boiss.
        • Variety coerulea Spach
        • Variety Stenoloba DC
        • Variety Aequiloba Ledeb.
      • 46. I. suaveolens Boiss.
      • 47. I. pseudopumila Tineo
        • Variety panormitana Todaro
      • 48. I. verna L.
      • 49. I. tigridia Bunge
      • 50. I. chamaeiris Bert.
        • Variety italica Parl.
        • Variety olbiensis Henon.
        • Variety balkana Janka
    • Stirps biflorae
      • 51. I. glauscecens Bunge
        • Variety longiflora Herber
        • Variety elongata Fischer
      • 52. I. rubromarginata Baker
      • 53. I. kumaonensis Wall.
      • 54. I. biflora L.
      • 55. I. lutescens L.
      • 56. I. virescens DC
      • 57. I. arenaria Waldst.
      • 58. I. flavissima Pallas
      • 59. I. bloudowii Ledeb.
      • 60. I. goniocarpa Baker
      • 61. I. korolkowii Regel
      • 62. I. Haynei Baker
    • Stirps variegatae
      • 63. I. aphylla L.
      • 64. I. variegata L.
        • Variety belgica Spach
      • 65. I. lurida Solander in Ait.
        • Variety redouteana Spach
    • Stirps germanicae
      • 66. I. flavescens DC
      • 67. I. squalens L.
        • Variety lavandulaceae Baker
        • Variety atropurpurea Baker
      • 68. I. sambucina L.
        • Variety concolor Baker
      • 69. I. neglecta
      • 70. I. hybrida Retz. (now cultivar 'Amoena')
      • 71. I. germanica L.
    • Stirps pallideae
      • 72. I. florentina L.
        • Variety albicans Lange
      • 73. I. pallida Lammarck
        • Variety junonia Schott & Kotscky
        • Variety cucullata Schur
        • Variety australis Todaro
        • Variety mandraliscae Todaro
        • Variety tinae Todaro
        • Variety sicula Todaro
      • 74. I. Plicata Lammarck
      • 75. I. Swertii Lammarck
  • Subgenus V Hexapogon
    • Series I
      • 76. I. longiscapa Ledeb
      • 77. I. falcifolia Bunge
    • Series II. Dietes Salisbury (now genus Dietes)
      • 78. I. compressa Linn. fils.
      • 79. I. catenulata Baker
      • 80. I. bicolor Lindley
      • 81. I. robinsonniana Muell.
  • Genus Hermodactylus Tournfort
      • H. tuberosa Salisb.
        • Variety Longifolius Sweet
        • Variety bispathaceus Sweet
Despite the fact that none of these subgenera are used today by taxonomists, except Oncocyclus, and that has been reduced to a section by most authors, these terms have stuck as colloqual names for these groups, especially among irisarians.

 

-- Main.RPries - 2012-07-08
Topic revision: r6 - 30 Oct 2013, BobPries
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