■ (SPEC) Iris afghanica Wend.
1972, Botanical author Wendelbo
Iris afghanica Wend.
, 1972, Salang Pass, 1500-3300 meters, Kataghan province, NE Afghanistan); Section Regelia
; 6-14" (15-35 cm); Flowers veined purple brown over creamy or white ground; beard dark solid purple signal patch.
| Wendelbo in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 31(2); 338 (1972).
| Grey-Wilson offers the following in The Iris Year Book 1973, p.106; "We first saw this in flower in the type locality on the north side of the Salang Pass at about 7,500 ft. in late April and early May. The plant is very common in this area growing characteristically amongst boulders along the banks of the Salang River or on rocky slopes amongst grasses away from the river'' confines. These latter plants found in drier, more exposed positions are notably dwarfer, but every form can be found between this and the more vigorous riverside plants. Iris afghanica forms tufts to two feet tall and as much across. The lower leaves are green with a narrow white, membranous inner margin, the lower ones being semi-falcate whereas the upper leaves are generally more or less straight and up to 1.5 cm broad. Scapes vary in height from 15 to 45 cm. and carry one large flower each. The falls are oblique and semi-acute towards the tip with a whitish or pale cream background, heavily veined with purple-brown and with a dark central patch and a purple tufted beard. In contrast the upright standards are a fine pale creamy yellow, the midrib flushed with purple and bearing a greenish yellow, purple tipped beard in the lower part. The style arm is short and yellowish flecked and veined with pale green.We also came upon this species in a new locality some forty miles to the east in the Hindu Kush (east of Banu) and it is probable that it occurs in between in similar places at the 7,00 to 9,000 ft. altitudinal range. The more easterly plants were generally more slender and shorter in leaf and the standards were frequently pure white.Plants from all thre collections have grown well during 1972 and several have already flowered. This is quite the finest of recent iris introductions."
2n=22, Gustafsson & Wendelbo, 1975. 2n=22, Johnson & Brandham, 1997.
Distribution and Cultivation
| Distribution: Region: Northeast Afghanistan
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