■ (SPEC) Iris chamaeiris Bert.

1837, botanical author Bertolini

'Chamaeiris' ( Antonio Bertolini, 1837, Southeast coastal France, Northeast coastal Italy). Section Iris , DB, Early bloom season. Color Class-B1M; as Iris chamaeiris Bert. in Fl. Ital. 3: 609. 1837; Barr 1889. This is the species name formally applied to dwarf varieties that are now considered simply variations of the species Iris lutescens. Some authors may still recognize this as a distinct species from Iris lutescens Lam.

See below:
See more images at Iris lutescens
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen2.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen3.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen4.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen5.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen6.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen7.jpgIria-chamaeiris04.jpgIris chamaeiris in  Herbier de la flore franaise by Louis Antoine Cusin  Edmonde Ansberque..jpgirischamaeiris01.jpg
----

References:

Iris chamaeiris Bertol., Fl. Ital. 3: 609 (1838).
in__Herbier_de_la_flore_franaise_by_Louis_Antoine_Cusin__Edmonde_Ansberque
2016 images from Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen see website FreeNatureImages.eu
Dykes in Genus Iris p.149, 1913.Description. Rootstock , a compact rhizome with crowded shoots. Leaves , ensiform, slightly glaucous, 3-6 in. by 1/3-1/2 in. at flowering time. Stem , 1-10 in., bare in the upper part, with one or two reduced leaves attached below the centre; one headed. (In very rare cases a lateral I-flowered branch may develop.) Spathes , 1-2-flowered; valves green or scarious in the upper third, slightly inflated; one valve may be very slightly keeled, 1 1/2--2 in. long. Pedicel , very short. Ovary , obscurely trigonal. Tube, about 1 in. long. Falls . The obovate blade tapers gradually into the wedge-shaped haft, which bears diffuse veins on a light ground. The colour is either blue or red purple, yellow or white, with a contrasting beard, either yellow, or white tipped with yellow or even bluish. Standards , rounded oblong with a canaliculate haft, slightly shorter than the falls, but usually a little wider. Styles, paler than the segments except along the deeper-coloured keel. Crests, small, trigonal. Stigma , entire. Filaments, white or tinged with purple. Anthers, cream or tinged with purple. Pollen, cream. Capsule , 1 1/2-2 1/2 in. long, oblong or oval in outline, the valves remaining attached together at the extreme tip after they have split open lower down. The section is rounded trigonal with a raised line running down each face. Seeds , red brown, pyriform, with wrinkled skins.Observations.This is the common dwarf Iris of the South of France and North Italy and is also the ancestor of most of the garden forms that are so commonly known as I pumila. It is distinguished from the true pumila by the obvious stem, by the shorter tube and by the more inflated and less membranous spathes'. In cultivation it has the advantage that the new leaves attain some length before winter, but owing to this early habit of growth, imported plants are often less able to resist our winter than I. pumila.Like the latter, I. chamaeiris is very variable in colour and in dimensions and has received many names. Thus Lamarck's I. lutescens is clearly a yellow flowered example such as are common in the south of France. Henon's I. olbiensis, with its various colour forms, differs in no essential from the more westerly specimens and I. virescens D.C. from Sion in the Rhone Valley is probably only an introduction from the south, for it grows on a hill, crowned with ruins, on which there also grows an Opuntia, that is likewise probably an escape from a formerly cultivated area. ln cultivation the Sion plant is indistinguishable from examples of Henon's I. olbiensis from the neighbourhood of Hyeres. In this connection it must be remembered that there was in ancient times a town of Olbia, near the actual site of Hyeres, and that this must not be confused with another Olbia on the coast of the Black Sea, a little to the East of Odessa. The confusion of these two names was probably the origin of the term "Crimean," applied by trade catalogues to dwarf-bearded Irises. Any specimens from the Crimea are always found to be I. pumila and not I. lutescens. It does not seem possible to separate a variety italica, based on Parlatore's I. ita!ica (v. supra). Baker's statement (Hdk. p. 27) that it differs by having dark violet flowers does not agree with Parlatore's original description of a variety C, "flore flavo." The height of Italian specimens is as variable as those from France already mentioned on p. ·I4r. Cf. Groves' (E) specimens: that of 1861 has a 3 in. stem while that of r 878 is no less than 10 in. high. The cultivation is the same as that of I. pumila except that a position which gives some protection from frost and cold winds is desirable, especially for imported plants.
Heras accepted as a botanical variety in Acta Phytotax. Barcin., 18: 9 (1976 publ. 1977).
----

Synonyms

Alpine Iris Iris lutescens Lamareck variety chamaeiris (Bert.) R. de P. Malagarriga Heras]. ----

Chromosome counts

----

Variations see I. lutescens

----

Hybrids; see I. lutescens

a name="Distribution">----

Distribution and Cultivation

Distribution: Region:
Cultivation: seems to be the same as most bearded irises with perhaps a special emphasis on good drainage

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen2.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen3.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen4.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen5.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen6.jpgchamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen7.jpgIria-chamaeiris04.jpgIris chamaeiris in  Herbier de la flore franaise by Louis Antoine Cusin  Edmonde Ansberque..jpgirischamaeiris01.jpg

- Please do not enter images that are not your own without owners' permission, this is against Wiki policy

"Although the Encyclopedia is free to all, it is supported by Emembership in AIS, If you would like to help sustain this reference, for $15 you can become an Emember, click here."

Interested in Iris Species? Please visit the: Species Iris Group of North America website.

To Report errors do not use comment box but contact the Iris Encyclopedia Photo Manager or Iris Encyclopedia Manager Comment box is reserved for added information about the topic.

Your Observations Are Valued. Please make note of bud count, branching, purple based foliage and bloom time, etc. Because these are affected by climate, note date, year and geographic location and write these and other comments in the comment box below.

 

-- Main.RPries - 2010-01-08
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Iria-chamaeiris04.jpgjpg Iria-chamaeiris04.jpg manage 279 K 25 Sep 2016 - 01:42 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kristen Andersen-Alpines.dk-Denmark
Iris_chamaeiris_in__Herbier_de_la_flore_franaise_by_Louis_Antoine_Cusin__Edmonde_Ansberque..jpgjpg Iris_chamaeiris_in__Herbier_de_la_flore_franaise_by_Louis_Antoine_Cusin__Edmonde_Ansberque..jpg manage 73 K 09 Aug 2012 - 01:28 UnknownUser drawing of herbarium specimens
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen.jpg manage 101 K 11 Aug 2016 - 14:48 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen2.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen2.jpg manage 133 K 11 Aug 2016 - 14:59 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen. photo see references
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen3.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen3.jpg manage 118 K 11 Aug 2016 - 14:59 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen. photo see references
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen4.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen4.jpg manage 129 K 11 Aug 2016 - 15:00 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen. photo see references
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen5.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen5.jpg manage 127 K 11 Aug 2016 - 15:00 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen. photo see references
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen6.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen6.jpg manage 111 K 11 Aug 2016 - 15:00 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen. photo see references
chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen7.jpgjpg chamaeirisSaxifraga-WillemvanKruijsbergen7.jpg manage 150 K 11 Aug 2016 - 15:00 BobPries Saxifraga-Willem van Kruijsbergen. photo see references
irischamaeiris01.jpgjpg irischamaeiris01.jpg manage 81 K 07 Oct 2014 - 02:41 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark
Topic revision: r13 - 06 Oct 2016, DavidFerguson
This site is powered by FoswikiCopyright © by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding Iris Wiki? Send feedback