■(SPEC) Iris crocea Jacq.
1877, Botanical author Jacquemont
Iris crocea Jacq.
, 1877, Kashmir); 38-40" (95-102 cm); Flowers 12-18 cm in diameter, golden yellow.
| iris en Provence note: 1877 - Victor Jacquemont was deceased since 45 years (1832, India).
| Jacquemont in Journal of the Linnean Society, 16, 141, 1877.
| ; MSS Kew & Berlin Bot. Gard.
| Iris crocea Jacquem. ex R. C. Foster. Contributions to the Gray Herbarium No. 114, 41 (1936); vide Lawrence in Gentes Herbarium, viii. 21 (1949). syn. Spurea Aurea, I. aurea Klatt, in Linnaea, vol. xxxiv., p.618; Xyridion aureum Klatt in Bot. Zeit. 1872, p. 501.
| Described under the name Iris aurea Lindl. By Baker in The Gardeners' Chronicles p. 584, Nov. 4, 1876.
Bakers description reads "Rhizome stout, oblique. Stem stout, terete, 3-3 ½ feet high, with several reduced leaves, and about two sessile flowers, in addition to the terminal one. Leaves 1 ½--2 feet long, ¾--1 inch broad, ensiform, hardly glaucous. Spathes two-flowered, composed of two tight-clasping lanceolate valves, 3-4 inches long. Pedicel 1-1 ½ inch long inside the spathe; ovary cylindrical, 1 inch long, deeply sulcate; tube about as long as the ovary, dilated suddenly at the top; limb 2 ½ --3 ½ inches deep, bright yellow; blade of the falls oblong, crisped at the edge, under 1 inch broad, equalling the claw in length; standards oblanceolate, shorter than the falls, under 1 inch broad. Stigmas 1 ¼--1 ½ inch long, excluding the deltoid crests. Anther longer than the ligulate filament."
| "A native of the western Himalayas. A very fine plant, which I have not seen in English gardens at the present day. It was described and figured by Lindley from specimens sent home by Dr. Royle. My own notes were taken on living specimens sent from Germany by Herr Leichtlin. The single wild specimen I have seen was gathered by Jacquemont in grassy woods in Kashmir. Its general habit is just that of ochroleuca, but the flower is much deeper in colour."
2n=40, Lenz & Day, 1963; 2n=40, Mehra & Pand., 1978; 2n=40, Simonet, 1932; 2n=40, Banerji; 1970; 2n=40, Sharma, 1970; 2n=34, Mehra & Sach., 1976; 2n=40, Karihaloo, 1978.
Iris crocea, 'Spurea Aurea'
Iris crocea crosses:
Iris crocea with Series Hexagona
- Iris crocea X Iris orientalis: 'Carol McKee', 'Mrs. H. R. Moore', 'Ochraurea'.
- Iris orientalis X Iris crocea: 'Shelford Giant'.
- Iris monnieri X Iris crocea: 'Monaurea'.
- Iris crocea X Unknown : 'Mrs. Ethel Guiberson'.
- Iris spuria X Iris crocea: 'Spuraur'.
¼ Iris crocea crosses:
- Iris crocea X Iris fulva (Validity questioned) : 'Huaca'?
- Iris fulva X Iris crocea (Vaidity questioned) : 'John Wister'.
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