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■ (SPEC) Iris Flavescens De Candolle

1813, De Candolle

Iris flavescens ( Augustin Pyramus De Candolle, 1813) In Redoute's Les Liliacee, plate 375; read original description in further references.

Note: Considered a natural hybrid Tall Bearded, see TB 'Flavescens' for additional pictures.

See below:
booksEF4272UT.jpgflavecens06.JPGflaven01.JPGflaven02.jpgflavencens01.JPGflavencens1.JPGflavencens5.JPGflavencens6.JPGflavescens.jpgflavescens02.JPGflavescens03.JPGflavescens04.JPGflavescens05.JPGflavescens06.JPGflavescens3.JPGflavescens4.jpgFlavescens in THE GARDEN.jpgIMG 9037-X2 flavescens.jpgIris flavescens01.jpg
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References:

Iris flavescens ( Augustin Pyramus De Candolle, 1813) In Redoute's Les Liliacee, plate 375;
The British Flower Garden by Sweet 1833 plate 56.
Bonnewitz 1920; Bunyard 1938; William Clibran & Son 1938; Bommersbach 1939; Katkamier 1939; Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society 53: Pt. 1, 151 January 1928 Trials; High Commendation Royal Horticulture Society 1893; shown by Wilkes Barr; Journal Royal Horticultural Society 28: p. 189, Pts 1 & 2 October 1903. Trials; High Commendation Royal Horticulture Society 1916; Journal Royal Horticultural Society 42: clix, Pts. 2 & 3 September 1917 Trials.
Cree catalog 1837;
Gardeners' Chronicle 1841;
Prince catalog 1854;
Gardeners' Chronicle 28: April 1886; ; 14
Gardeners' Chronicle 12 February 1887
Gardeners' Chronicle July 1894;
Macoun catalog and Farr catalog; 1912;
Dykes in The Genus Iris, 1913,
Description.
Rootstock , a stout rhizome.
Leaves , ensiform, glaucous, about 12-15 in. long at flowering time by 1-1½ in. broad, withering away almost entirely in late autumn.
Stem , twice as long as the leaves, bearing 3-4 heads of flowers in a fuller inflorescence than that of I. germanica.
Spathes8 , 2-3 flowered, largely but not entirely scarious at flowering time, about 1½-2 in. long.
*Pedicel
, very short.
Ovary , under ½ in. long, with six slight grooves at equal intervals.
Tube , about 3/4-1 in., rounded trigonal.
Falls , obovate cuneate, 2½ in. long by 1¼ in. broad; the blade is of a very pale yellow, almost white, with slight brownish veins which are most marked in the neighbourhood of the beard. Along the haft, the brown veins become much bolder. The beard is pale yellow tipped with orange in front, becoming more wholly orange behind.
Standards , obovate unguiculate, pale lemon yellow, slightly yellower than the falls; the haft is slightly veined with brown at the base and bears a few scattered hairs, often on only one of the three standards.
Styles , keeled, pale yellow, oval.
Crests , large, broadly trigonal, with coarsely toothed edge.
Stigma , entire.
Filaments , colourless, longer than the anthers.
Anthers , cream.
Pollen , white.
Capsule ,
Seeds ,

Observations.

This Iris is very commonly grown in gardens, where it flowers in May immediately after I. germanica. As has been already pointed out, it has long been confused with I. imbricata, from which it is easily distinguished by its ampler inflorescence, by the colour of the flowers and by the scarious and not inflated membranous spathes. It is probably of hybrid origin and I have it on the authority of Mr C. J. Bliss that it once appeared in his garden as one of the seedlings resulting from a cross between the pallida variety "Queen of May" and the amoena "Thorbeck." This points to its being a hybrid of I. pallida or I. variegata.
I have never yet been able to induce I. flavescens to set seed even with artificial pollination a fact which may also point to its hybrid origin.
The Garden 9 May 1914%;

IRIS FLAVESCENS,

A BEAUTIFUL MAY-FLOWERING HYBRID WITH YELLOW BLOSSOMS.

A CHARMING MAY- FLOWERING IRIS.

Iris flavescens.

This attractive May-flowering Iris is worthy of extended cultivation. For some unknown reason it is very much neglected, and is, like the German Iris, more often than not relegated to an out-of-the-way comer in the garden, where it is allowed to dwindle and die. Iris flavescens is a good border plant; the flowers are yellow, and the plant attains a height of 2 feet to 3 feet.

For a long time it has been looked upon as a synonym of I. imbricata, but Mr. W. R. Dykes, in his thoroughly reliable book, "The Genus Iris," says "the frequently repeated statement that I. flavescens is a native of the Caucasus is due to its erroneous identification with I. imbricata (Lindl.). It is doubtless a garden hybrid and has no real claim to specific rank," Whatever may be its origin, I. flavescens is a beautiful Iris of the easiest possible culture. Two conditions are essential to its welfare, i.e., sun and a well-drained soil. It will thrive in both heavy and light soils; but if the soil is very sandy, a top-dressing of short, well-rotted manure and leaf-soil will prove beneficial. When transplanting is necessary, it should be done soon after flowering.
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Synonyms

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Chromosome counts

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Variations

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Hybrids

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Distribution and Cultivation

Distribution: Region:
Cultivation:

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booksEF4272UT.jpgflavecens06.JPGflaven01.JPGflaven02.jpgflavencens01.JPGflavencens1.JPGflavencens5.JPGflavencens6.JPGflavescens.jpgflavescens02.JPGflavescens03.JPGflavescens04.JPGflavescens05.JPGflavescens06.JPGflavescens3.JPGflavescens4.jpgFlavescens in THE GARDEN.jpgIMG 9037-X2 flavescens.jpgIris flavescens01.jpg


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-- Main.RPries - 2011-03-07
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Flavescens_in_THE_GARDEN.jpgjpg Flavescens_in_THE_GARDEN.jpg manage 517 K 15 Sep 2016 - 15:05 BobPries From The Garden
IMG_9037-X2_flavescens.jpgjpg IMG_9037-X2_flavescens.jpg manage 135 K 21 Feb 2016 - 08:44 BrockHeilman Please contact Brock Heilman for image use.
Iris_flavescens01.jpgjpg Iris_flavescens01.jpg manage 53 K 13 Jan 2014 - 03:40 Main.TLaurin Photo by Jan Jacobsen
booksEF4272UT.jpgjpg booksEF4272UT.jpg manage 80 K 04 May 2015 - 13:14 BobPries From The British Flower Garden by Robert Sweet 1833
flavecens06.JPGJPG flavecens06.JPG manage 65 K 06 Aug 2015 - 20:44 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flaven01.JPGJPG flaven01.JPG manage 77 K 19 Feb 2015 - 16:17 Main.TLaurin Photo by Jan Lauritzen
flaven02.jpgjpg flaven02.jpg manage 82 K 02 May 2015 - 19:51 Main.TLaurin Photo by Breezeway Iris Garden
flavencens01.JPGJPG flavencens01.JPG manage 76 K 28 Aug 2014 - 19:58 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flavencens1.JPGJPG flavencens1.JPG manage 240 K 01 Jul 2016 - 00:20 Main.TLaurin Photo by K. Brewitt-taken at 2016 AIS Convention
flavencens5.JPGJPG flavencens5.JPG manage 509 K 14 May 2018 - 21:56 Main.TLaurin Photo by Nancy McDonald-The Pickle Barrel Collection.
flavencens6.JPGJPG flavencens6.JPG manage 526 K 14 May 2018 - 21:57 Main.TLaurin Photo by Nancy McDonald-The Pickle Barrel Collection.
flavescens.jpgjpg flavescens.jpg manage 88 K 15 Sep 2016 - 14:34 BobPries From Redoute's Les Liliaceae
flavescens02.JPGJPG flavescens02.JPG manage 77 K 11 May 2014 - 19:29 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flavescens03.JPGJPG flavescens03.JPG manage 79 K 11 May 2014 - 19:31 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flavescens04.JPGJPG flavescens04.JPG manage 19 K 12 Sep 2014 - 21:28 Main.TLaurin Photo by Seagate Irises-United Kingdom
flavescens05.JPGJPG flavescens05.JPG manage 55 K 30 Dec 2014 - 04:17 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flavescens06.JPGJPG flavescens06.JPG manage 412 K 15 Dec 2015 - 15:35 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flavescens3.JPGJPG flavescens3.JPG manage 420 K 08 Oct 2016 - 11:32 Main.TLaurin Photo by Don McQueen,London, Ont. Canada Zone5.
flavescens4.jpgjpg flavescens4.jpg manage 125 K 11 Jan 2017 - 03:43 Main.TLaurin Photo by Front Range Iris
Topic revision: r21 - 14 May 2018, TLaurin
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