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■ (SPEC) Iris iberica Hoffm.

1808, Botanical author Hoffman

Iris iberica Hoffm. ( Georg Franz Hoffman, 1808, Transcaucasus); Section Oncocyclus ; Height 6-8" (15-20 cm); Color Code-S3M; Flowers dark purple-brown and white or yellowish brown and blue; Standards white or creamy white or tinged blue with faint dots and veins of purplish brown; falls yellowish white with central black-purple signal surrounded by thick brownish purple veins; beard of short purplish brown hairs;

See below:
There are 23 images.
Photo by John Baumfalk Photo by John Baumfalk Photo by John Baumfalk Photo by John Baumfalk Courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library Photo by Kirsten Andersen-Alpines.dk-Denmark Photo by Leo T. Clark Photo by Herbert Kerr Photo by Gisela Dathe Biodiversity Heritage Library Photo by Achilles From The Garden Photo by Mayr Photo by Mayr Photo by Achilles Photo by Leonid Bondarenko via John Baumfalk Courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library Photo by Herbert Kerr Photo by Herbert Kerr Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark Courtesy of The Biodiversity Heritage Library
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References:

Gartenflora p.3 1863;
Desc. Pl. Iber. in Comm. Soc. Phys. Mosc. 1: 41. 1808;
Chromosome counts: 2n=20-Delauney 1928; 2n=20-Simonet 1932; 2n=20-Awishai & Zohary 1980.
Curtis's botanical Magazine Table 5847, 1870 A more singular looking plant than the subject of this plate seldom falls under observation in a living state, its dwarf habit, gigantic flower, great snow-white erect outer perianth leaves, the equally large strangely coloured inner perianth, and the deflexed stigmas with shining black purple humped bases, the two latter organs resembling some great insect, make up a flower of singular oddity and beauty too. We have referred it to the Iris iberica of Hoffman, with dried specimens of which it entirely agrees. It differs, however, from the plant figured by Dr. Regel in the Gartenflora under this name, in the obtuseness and colour of the inner perianth-segments, which are represented as ochreous-brown, and as wanting the polished almost black disk and marbled edges of our plant ; the colour of these organs is however described as being excessively variable, and as ochreous-yellow in his var. ochreacea. Klatt refers the I. taurica of Loddige's Botanical Cabinet to this species, but I know not on what authority beyond Loddige's figure, which is extremely unlike this plant. Iris iberica is a native of the Iberian provinces of the Caucasus, and of Imeretia (not of the Iberian Peninsula) and extends into Cilicia, Kurdistan, and probably Persia, inhabiting mountains of 6500 feet high.

The magnificent specimen here figured was. sent for publication by Mr. Ware, of the Hale Farm Nurseries, Tottenham, with whom it flowered in May of the present year.

Descr. Rootstock tufted. Stem three to six inches high, leafy. leaves glaucous, shorter than the stem, much recurved, falcate or re volute, linear-ensifbrm, two to four inches long, one quarter to three quarters in diameter, margins flat or wrinkled, membranous, as are the sheaths. Spathes two, ovate-lanceolate, rather longer or shorter than the perianth-tube, membranous except at the base. Flower solitary, very large, three to five inches from the tip of the reflexed to that of the erect perianth-segments, and two to three across the former. Outer perianth-segments erect, orbicular, subcordate at the base, white, undulate, with a few red spots towards the base on the inner surface ; inner segments deflexed, broadly oblong, rounded at the tip, concave with entire recurved margins, yellow-green, covered with wrinkled dark-purple reticulate narrow bands : disk depressed, black-purple, shining. Stigmas reflexed on the disk of the inner perianth-segments, obovate-oblong, keeled, with broad 2-fid recurved toothed tips, dull yellow mottled with red-brown; convex base black-purple and shining — J. D. H.
; Probably introduced 1872; La Belg. Hort. 23: 35. 1873;
Flore des serres et des jardins de l'Europe :ou descriptions
Revue Horticole 45: 370. 1 Oct. 1873,
The Garden: The garden. An illustrated weekly journal of horticulture in all its branches [ed. William Robinson], vol. 10: p. 526, t. 49 (1876) [J.L. Macfarlane]
-Van H. 1875; Van T. 1900; 1909; Dammann 1901; Van W, 1906;
Dykes in The Genus Iris, 1913;
Description.
Rootstock , a slender rhizome, spreading by means of stolons.
Leaves , 5 to 6 to a tuft, often very falcate, linear, glaucous, 4-6 in. long, ¼--½ in. broad.
Stem , one-flowered, 3-6 in. high, bearing a single bractlike leaf about the middle, and springing from a tuft of 3-4 reduced leaves.
Spathe valves , lanceolate, acute, 2-3 in. long, reaching above the tube, green, often flushed with pale pinkish purple.
Pedicel , very short.
Ovary , cylindrical.
Tube , greenish, cylindrical, an inch long.
Falls , at first horizontal, but rapidly becoming deflexed, distinctly concave, the blade of an orbicular or rounded oblong shape and the haft broad. In the centre of the blade is a triangular signal patch of purplish black, the apex lying under the style, outside which the colouring consists of a close network of irregular thickset brownish-purple veins on a whitish-yellow ground. The diffuse beard consists of short purple-brown hairs. 2½-3 in. long by 2 in. broad.
Standards , connivent, the blade orbicular, with a short haft, much paler and often smaller than falls, the colouring being composed of faint dots and broken veins of purplish brown or bluish purple on a silvery-white ground, 2½ in. long by 2 in. broad.
Styles , deflexed very abruptly, lying close down on the falls, with a slight median ridge, very convex, of a dark purplish brown colour at the base, the upper part being almost cream, dotted with brown purple.
Crests, small, triangular, reflexed, closely dotted and mottled with red brown.
Stigma , entire, of a light purplish brown colour.
Filaments , pale purplish yellow.
Anthers , long, cream.
Pollen , cream.
Capsule , trigonal, tapering ellipsoid, dehiscing below the apex.
Seeds , globose or pyriform, red brown, with a large cream-coloured aril.

Observations.

This Iris has been in cultivation for a number of years, and in some gardens has become more nearly acclimatized to the climatic conditions of western Europe than any other Oncocyclus Iris except I. susiana.

There is little doubt that this species varies in colour to some extent. For instance, in Foster's notes I find that in 1889 he received a form that was sent to him from Van in Armenia by Dr Reynolds, and of which the standards were a pure creamy white, with only a few black-purple veins on the inside of the haft. The falls were closely and irregularly reticulated with red brown, the signal patch being nearly deep crimson. In the variety insignis, van Houtte (Gard. Chron. 1879, I. p. 693, fig. 100), the standards are dark, almost as dark" as the falls. Regel's var. ochracea (Gartenflora t. 386 (1863)) has a yellowish ground, and Baker's var, Bellii (Hdk. lrid. p. 20) has dark lilac standards. The variety Perryana (Florist, 1873, 25, and Baker I.e.) resembles this latter. All agree, however, in possessing the curious spoon-shaped concave falls and depressed style branches, which give the flower an appearance quite unlike that of any other Iris. Reference has already been made (see p. 108) to the slender, erect and not falcate leaves borne by seedlings in their first season, and it may well be that the falcate character of the leaves of wild plants is largely the result of the conditions in which they grow, and not necessarily inherent in them.
Yr. Bk., I.S.(E.) 42. 1933;
F.C.C., R.H.S. 1870, shown by Ware;

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Synonyms:

Iberian Iris; Demawendica; Iris georgica Gueldenstadt?; Iris helena C. Koch; Iris heylandica Boise?; Oncocylus ibericus Siemss.; Iris susiana Zeller;

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Variations

Iris iberica Hoffm. Range of botanical variation: Iris iberica cultivars:
'Bellii', 'Elegantissima', 'Heterochroa', 'Iberica Aurea', 'Iberica Cremea', 'Iberica Flavissima', 'Iberica Ochracea', 'Iberica Van Houtteii', 'Insignis', Lycotis , 'Lycotis Magnifica', 'Lycotis Pardus', 'Lycotis Typica', 'Pantera', 'Perryana', 'Robudtasorun', 'Robusta'. ---

Hybrids

Iris iberica crosses: ¼ Iris iberica crosses: 'Alpine Halo', 'Anine', 'Ardimac', 'Argyll Lass', 'Aril Lady', 'Aruna', 'Beautiful Dreamer', 'Bethel Queen', 'Capitola', 'Cinna Mac', 'Clouded Moon', 'Coalbrookdale', 'Dance Of Spring', 'Don Ricardo', 'Eila', 'Mistress Perry', 'H. Denis', 'Hidden Secret', 'Hoogimac', 'Lady Mohr', 'Lassen Peak', 'Little Lena', 'Love Conquers All', 'Moonchild', 'Morera', 'My Cap', 'Mystery Guest', 'Oyez', 'Persian Embroidery', 'Persian Pattern', 'Persian Royalty', 'Persian Twotone', 'Petite Sirrah', 'Precious Memories', 'Radiant Smile', 'Sea Bass', 'Silver Charm', 'Some Love', 'Somewhere', 'Susimac', 'Violet Splashes', 'Wee Piper'.

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There are 23 images.
Photo by John Baumfalk Photo by John Baumfalk Photo by John Baumfalk Photo by John Baumfalk Courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library Photo by Kirsten Andersen-Alpines.dk-Denmark Photo by Leo T. Clark Photo by Herbert Kerr Photo by Gisela Dathe Biodiversity Heritage Library Photo by Achilles From The Garden Photo by Mayr Photo by Mayr Photo by Achilles Photo by Leonid Bondarenko via John Baumfalk Courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library Photo by Herbert Kerr Photo by Herbert Kerr Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark Courtesy of The Biodiversity Heritage Library
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Interested in Iris Species? Please visit the: Species Iris Group of North America website.

Your Observations are valued. Please make note of bud count, branching, purple based foliage and bloom time, etc. Because these are affected by climate, note date, year and geographic location and write these and other comments in the comment box below.

 

-- Main.RPries - 2010-02-02
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Iberica_Bot_Mag_5847.jpgjpg Iberica_Bot_Mag_5847.jpg manage 86 K 14 Nov 2013 - 17:37 BobPries Biodiversity Heritage Library
Iberica_in_The_Garden.jpgjpg Iberica_in_The_Garden.jpg manage 129 K 24 Sep 2013 - 18:27 BobPries From The Garden
elegantissima2JB.JPGJPG elegantissima2JB.JPG manage 36 K 02 Apr 2012 - 18:39 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
elegantissimaJB.JPGJPG elegantissimaJB.JPG manage 21 K 02 Apr 2012 - 18:34 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
elegantissimaJB16.JPGJPG elegantissimaJB16.JPG manage 49 K 24 Apr 2016 - 18:19 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
elegantissimaJB17.JPGJPG elegantissimaJB17.JPG manage 111 K 23 Apr 2017 - 16:32 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
gartenflora_T386OncocyclusL.jpgjpg gartenflora_T386OncocyclusL.jpg manage 237 K 29 Apr 2016 - 15:45 BobPries Courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
iberica01.jpgjpg iberica01.jpg manage 75 K 31 Oct 2014 - 20:54 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kirsten Andersen-Alpines.dk-Denmark
iberica02.jpgjpg iberica02.jpg manage 156 K 17 Dec 2015 - 13:22 Main.TLaurin Photo by Leo T. Clark
iberica03.jpgjpg iberica03.jpg manage 69 K 27 Dec 2015 - 16:25 Main.TLaurin Photo by Herbert Kerr
ibericaFlores.jpgjpg ibericaFlores.jpg manage 71 K 14 Jul 2016 - 13:58 BobPries Courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
iberica_-_Dathe.jpgjpg iberica_-_Dathe.jpg manage 22 K 06 Feb 2010 - 19:48 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Gisela Dathe
iberica_elegantissima_-_Achilles.jpgjpg iberica_elegantissima_-_Achilles.jpg manage 29 K 06 Feb 2010 - 19:49 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Achilles
iberica_ssp_iberica_2_-_Mayr.jpgjpg iberica_ssp_iberica_2_-_Mayr.jpg manage 19 K 06 Feb 2010 - 20:17 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Mayr
iberica_ssp_iberica__-_Mayr.jpgjpg iberica_ssp_iberica__-_Mayr.jpg manage 17 K 06 Feb 2010 - 20:18 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Mayr
iberica_ssp_lycotis_-_Achilles.jpgjpg iberica_ssp_lycotis_-_Achilles.jpg manage 47 K 06 Feb 2010 - 20:21 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Achilles
ibericaelegantissimaLBJB.jpgjpg ibericaelegantissimaLBJB.jpg manage 41 K 19 Jun 2011 - 18:41 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Leonid Bondarenko via John Baumfalk
ibericarobusta01.jpgjpg ibericarobusta01.jpg manage 115 K 27 Dec 2015 - 16:18 Main.TLaurin Photo by Herbert Kerr
ibericarobusta02.jpgjpg ibericarobusta02.jpg manage 136 K 27 Dec 2015 - 16:20 Main.TLaurin Photo by Herbert Kerr
irisibericasspelegantissima01.jpgjpg irisibericasspelegantissima01.jpg manage 63 K 07 Oct 2014 - 03:31 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark
irisibericasspiberica01.jpgjpg irisibericasspiberica01.jpg manage 62 K 07 Oct 2014 - 03:33 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark
irisibericassplycotis01.jpgjpg irisibericassplycotis01.jpg manage 86 K 08 Oct 2014 - 15:01 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark
revuehorticolejo1873unse_0413.jpgjpg revuehorticolejo1873unse_0413.jpg manage 113 K 29 Apr 2016 - 15:55 BobPries Courtesy of The Biodiversity Heritage Library
Topic revision: r40 - 23 Apr 2017, Betsy881
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