■ (SPEC) Iris lutescens Lam.

1789, Botanical author Lamarck

Iris lutescens Lam. (Jean Baptiste Lamarck, 1789); Section Iris , Height 2-12" (5-30 cm); Flowers yellow, purple, or white, beard yellow. Falls ranging from recurved to pendant to flaring depending on the variety.

See below:

I. lutescene.JPGi lutescens 3jb.jpgirislutescens01.jpgIrislutescensCampbellii01.jpglutescenes1.jpglutescenes2.jpglutescens.jpgLutescens.JPGlutescens01.JPGlutescens02.JPGlutescens03.JPGLutescens1.JPGLutescens Provence.JPGLutescensAM.jpgSpecLutescens2AM.jpg

References

Lam. in Encycl. 3: 297. 1789.
Redoute Les Liliacées 5: tab 263.1809

Synonyms

Iris chamaeiris Bertol; Iris erratica; Iris olbiensis Henon; Iris italica Parl.; Iris statellae; Iris virescens Delarb.
Although the various synonyms are still treated by some current authors as separate species, Mathew list them as synonyms. Since in many cases it can not be determined as to which synonym (or species) a given cultivar belongs, this lumping works out well for the purposes of this list but maybe disputed by future authors. It has been assumed my many references that dwarf Iris in the USA and England were all Iris lutescens before the 1950's. Such hybridizers as Marx, Burchfield, Caparne and Perry have been said to have had only Iris lutescens available and not Iris pumila. Plants described as branched are likely Iris lutescens since Iris pumila generally has little or no stem, the floral tube arising almost directly from the rhizome.

Chromosome counts

2n=40, Colasante & Sauer, 1993.

Variations

Botanically some authors have recognized as Subspecies or varieties of I. lutescens Irises that were considered separate species by some or synonyms by others.

Subspecies?
  • Iris lutescens subsp. chamaeiris (Bertol.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001). See Iris Chamaeiris
  • Iris lutescens subsp. segarrica O.Bolòs & Conesa, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 157 (2001). *Iris lutescens subsp. subbiflora (Brot.) D.A.Webb & Chater, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 316 (1978). See Iris subbiflora
Varieties?
  • Iris lutescens var. statellae (Tod.) Baker, Handb. Irid.: 33 (1892).

Forms?
  • Iris lutescens f. crocea O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001). See Iris statellae
  • Iris lutescens f. violacea (Rouy) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 158 (2001).

Iris lutescens cultivars include:
'Alba Nana', 'Albatre', 'Albert Durer', 'Alpin', 'Amber Fellow', 'Amber Queen', 'Aramis', 'Aurea Maculata', 'Baby Mine', 'Balkana', 'Barbara Perry', 'Betsy Presby', 'Big Boy', 'Black Baby', 'Black Bird', 'Black Maroon', 'Black Midget', 'Blue Flash', 'Blue Jade', 'Blue Mascot', 'Bouquet', 'Brautjungfer', 'Bride', 'Burchfield', 'Burgos', 'Buzzer', 'Canary Bird', 'Candida', 'Chamaeiris', 'Chamaeiris Alba', 'Chamaeiris Aurea', 'Chamaeiris Campiglia', 'Chamaeiris Correvon', 'Chamaeiris Greuze', 'Chamaeiris Le Luc', 'Chamaeiris Michel Ange', 'Chamaeiris Murillo', 'Chamaeiris Regulus', 'Come Again', 'Commandant Driant', 'Comtesse D'hauteville', 'Corky', 'Count Andrassy', 'Cream Delight', 'Cuba', 'Danny Boy', 'Dark Beauty', 'Darmstadt', 'Delicata', 'Delpha Deane' D'ie Braut', 'Die Fee', 'Dr. Crenshaw', 'Dr. Guiseppi', 'Dr. Mann', 'Dr. Potter', 'Dusky Girl', 'Dusky Lad', 'Eco-Violet Scepter', 'Elegance', 'Elf', 'Elf Queen', 'Endymion', 'Erne', 'Fairy', 'Fairy Charm', 'Fairy Veil', 'Fauntleroy', 'Fiancee', 'Fior Del Mondo', 'Fragrance', 'Frisco', 'Garrick', 'Glee', 'Gold Bantam', 'Gold Bird', 'Gold Coin', 'Gold Drop', 'Golden', 'Golden Carpet', 'Golden Dream', 'Golden Fleece', 'Golden Grace', 'Goldfinch', 'Gold Key', 'Gold Sprite', 'Graminea', 'Grandee', 'Green', 'Goddess', 'Green Lustre', 'Harbor Lights', 'Harmonia', 'Heatherbloom', 'Huron' Imp', 'Icy Glow', 'Imposter', 'In Purples', 'Ink Spot', 'Intrigue' 'Italica', 'Italica' 'Italica Caprazoppa', 'J. A. Slote', 'Jean Siret', 'John Bommersbach', 'Josephine', 'Judy', 'Lady Bird', 'La Tulipe', 'Leander', 'Leopold', 'Libra', 'Lido', 'Lieut. De Chavagnac', 'Little Elsa', 'Little Giant', 'Little Jewel', 'Lobelia', 'Louise Strander', 'Lutea', 'Lutescens', 'Lutin', 'Macplum', 'Macrocarpa', 'Macrocarpa Violacea', 'Mandarin', 'Margaret', 'Marocain' Mauve Mist 'Max', 'Mignonette', 'Milton', 'Mireille', 'Mistral', 'Moggridgei', 'Moon Gleam', 'Moqueto', 'Nancy Lindsey', 'Naomi', 'Negus', 'Neola', 'Niobe', 'Nono', 'Nugget', 'Olbiensis', 'Olbiensis Centurian', 'Olbiensis Sannicandro', 'Olbiensis Violaceae', 'Olive Eva', 'Orange Queen', 'Pam', 'Papoose', 'Parade', 'Path Of Gold', 'Perle', 'Persian Glow', 'Petit Daniel', 'Petite', 'Petite Amie', 'Petite Fernande', 'Petite Flambe', 'Pink Mauve', 'Prairie Gem', 'Princess Louise', 'Purple Beauty', 'Quaint', 'Quilp', 'Rayon', 'Red Dart', 'Reflection', 'Reichenbachii Orange', 'Reichenbachii Yellow', 'Rhone Valley', 'Rosalie', 'Rose Blush', 'Rose Mist', 'Royal Purple', 'Sambo', 'Sapphire', 'Sapphire Night', 'Sass Dark Ruby', 'Schneekuppe', 'Schwefelgeiser', 'Séraphin', 'Serpolette', 'Silver Elf', 'Silver Spur', 'Skeezix', 'Socrates', 'Sonny', 'Sound Money', 'Spring Skies', 'Standard', 'Statellae', 'Stately', 'Stewart', 'Stylish', 'Sundrops', 'Sweet Spring', 'Syra', 'Tar Baby', 'Teddy Bear', 'Tex', 'The Berries', 'The Great Smokies', 'Tiny Tony', 'Titania', 'Tohia', 'Tony', 'Tooten', 'Topsy', 'Trinket', 'TuTone', 'Uranus', 'Urchin', 'Valere Castle', 'Verdun', 'Villereal', 'Violet Prince', 'Virescens #1', 'Virescens #2', 'Wee Prince', 'Weiserperle', 'Weisser Fueller', 'Wendy', 'Whitone', 'Wigan', 'Winsome', 'Xeon', 'Yank', 'Yellow Bird', 'Yellow Frills', 'Zobeida.

Hybrids

Iris lutescens_ crosses:
  • Section Iris crosses:
    • Iris lutescens and Iris pumila: 'Pumila Atroviolacea', 'Pumila Caerulea'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris pumila: 'Alinda', 'Azurea', 'Chapel Glow', 'Doll House', 'Dorette', 'Golding', 'Grandma's Hat', 'Green Petals', 'Honey Bear', 'Maienreigen', 'Marie Martin', 'Nigrette', 'One Fine Day'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris aphylla: 'Ditton Purple', 'Dixmude', 'Dr. Mann', 'Nachtmahr'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris germanica: 'Cosette', 'Dorothea', 'Papio', 'Susa'.
    • Iris germanica X Iris lutescens: 'Eleanor Roosevelt'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris albicans: 'Wanganui Gem'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris pallida: 'Balceng'?, 'Balceng Harlequin'?, 'Balceng Vacinensis'?, 'Blue Beard'?, 'Curiosity'?, 'Harlequin', 'Miss H. M. White'?, 'Miss Owen'?
    • Iris lutescens X Iris suaveolens: 'Lavender Dawn'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris mesopotamica: 'Primavera'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris trojana: 'Gentius'.
    • Iris trojana X Iris lutescens: 'Soledad'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris variegata: 'Languedoc'.
    • Iris lutescens X Tall-bearded hybrid: 'Abelard', 'Ambera', 'Andalusian Blue', 'Autumn Gleam', 'Autumn Queen', 'Black Hawk', 'Golden Bow', 'Sangreal', 'Sea Foam', 'Southland', 'Ta-Wa', 'Trinkedor'.
    • Tall-bearded hybrid X Iris lutescens: 'Chiltern Gold', 'Crysoro', 'Ladies Delight', 'Maygold', 'Retell', 'Ruby Glow'.
    • Iris lutescens X MDB: 'Bright Spring', 'Brunella', 'Congo Doll'.
    • MDB hybrid X Iris lutescens: 'Blue Midge', 'Blue Sparks', 'Crispy', 'Walpurgis'.
    • SDB hybrid X Iris lutescens: 'Chica', 'My Carolyn', 'Spring Glade' *Section Iris/Section Psammiris crosses
    • Iris lutescens X Iris bloudowii: 'Promise'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris humilis: 'Bricky', 'Bronya', 'Buster Brown', 'Butter Ball', 'Cream Tart', 'Cup & Saucer', 'Glow Gleam', 'Keepsake', 'Mist O' Pink', 'Morning Light', 'Tampa', 'Tiny Treasure'.
    • Iris humilis X Iris lutescens: 'Gay Flirt', 'Ylo'.
    • Iris lutescens X Arilbred: 'Little Lena'. * Section _Iris/Section Oncocyclus crosses
    • Iris iberica X _Iris lutescens: 'Monsieur Steichen'.
    • Iris lutescens X Iris susiana: 'Zwanenburg'.
    • Iris susiana X _Iris lutescens: 'Green Glory'.
    • Iris lutescens X Oncocyclus Hybrid: 'Hebe'.
    • Iris lutescens X Arilbred: 'Parchment Scrolls', 'Randalin'.
    • Arilbred X Iris lutescens: 'Peshawar'.
  • Section _Iris/Section Regelia crosses;
    • Iris lutescens X Regeliocyclus hybrid: 'Balroudour', 'Emcee', 'Gray Cloud', 'Icicle', 'Lemon Frost', 'Stormy Dawn', 'Wee Admiral', 'Wee Scot'.
    • Regeliocyclus hybrid X Iris lutescens: 'Blue Topaz', 'Velvo'.
    • Iris hoogiana X Iris lutescens: 'Alaskan Ice', 'Arctic Crown', 'Blue Princess'?, 'Hoog-Cham 84', 'Party Robe'?, 'Ray Serene', 'Spotless'?
    • Iris lutescens X Iris korolkowii: 'Plum Cute'.
    • Iris korolkowii X Iris lutescens: BABY BLUE 'Brukor', 'Fallen Leaf'.
    • Iris stolonifera X Iris lutescens: 'Benjamin'.
    • Iris lutescens as grandparent:'Mini Pearl', 'Summer Eve'.
¼ Iris lutescens crosses: 'Brown Valley', 'Califa Dotu'.

Distribution and Cultivation


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-- Main.RPries - 2010-02-09
Topic attachments
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I._lutescene.JPGJPG I._lutescene.JPG manage 803 K 12 Apr 2016 - 22:13 Main.Harloiris Photo by John Black, zone 4, Montana
IrislutescensCampbellii01.jpgjpg IrislutescensCampbellii01.jpg manage 82 K 19 Nov 2014 - 21:09 Main.TLaurin Photo by Stephens
Lutescens.JPGJPG Lutescens.JPG manage 47 K 30 Jan 2011 - 13:35 IrisP  
Lutescens1.JPGJPG Lutescens1.JPG manage 48 K 30 Jan 2011 - 13:34 IrisP  
LutescensAM.jpgjpg LutescensAM.jpg manage 25 K 12 Aug 2012 - 19:50 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Anita Moran
Lutescens_Provence.JPGJPG Lutescens_Provence.JPG manage 58 K 30 Jan 2011 - 13:36 IrisP  
SpecLutescens2AM.jpgjpg SpecLutescens2AM.jpg manage 56 K 15 Aug 2012 - 19:31 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Anita Moran
i_lutescens_3jb.jpgjpg i_lutescens_3jb.jpg manage 428 K 29 Sep 2016 - 21:37 Main.Harloiris Photo by John Black, zone 4, Montana
irislutescens01.jpgjpg irislutescens01.jpg manage 92 K 08 Oct 2014 - 15:20 Main.TLaurin Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark
lutescenes1.jpgjpg lutescenes1.jpg manage 189 K 14 Jun 2016 - 21:08 Main.TLaurin Photo by Marty Shafer/Jan Sacks-Joe Pye Weed's Garden
lutescenes2.jpgjpg lutescenes2.jpg manage 172 K 14 Jun 2016 - 21:10 Main.TLaurin Photo by Marty Shafer/Jan Sacks-Joe Pye Weed's Garden
lutescens.jpgjpg lutescens.jpg manage 42 K 12 Feb 2010 - 18:19 Main.shanatse I. lutescens
lutescens01.JPGJPG lutescens01.JPG manage 572 K 04 Aug 2018 - 02:38 Main.TLaurin Photo by Nancy McDonald-The Pickle Barrel Collection.
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Topic revision: r29 - 09 Aug 2018, BobPries
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