■ (SPEC) Iris spuria subsp. maritima (Dykes) P.Fourn.,

1795, Lamarck

Iris spuria 'Maritima’. (Jean Baptiste Lamarck, 1795, Hyeres, S. France). Spur; 10-12” (25-30 cm), B; Blue self. Dykes (1914) provided the following notes; “Standards, slightly shorter than the falls, oblanceolate-unguiculate, of a deep violet-blue clor, slightly edge with yellow in the lower part. Falls. The lanceolate haft is separated by a distinct constriction from the almost orbicular blade, which is about half as long as the haft. At the base the color is due to red purple veins on a white ground; on the blade these veins become a deep blue purple, and the groundwork is of a paler shade of the same color. The central ridge is greenish yellow with faint purple dots.” Stem is sheathed in 3-4 reduced leaves which entirely hide the internodes. [Iris spuria L. subspecies maritima Lam.].

See below:
There are 6 images.
Ken Walker photo Rodney Barton photo Rodney Barton photo maritima_F_reducd Jan van der Straaten photo see 2016 reference Jan van der Straaten photo see reference 2016
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References:

Iris maritima Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 3: 497 (1823), nom. illeg. name had already been used for an Iris sibirica
Iris spuria var. maritima Dykes, Gen. Iris: 59 (1913).
Rootstock , a somewhat slender, hard rhizome, which remains clothed with the bases of old leaves, which, however, do not split readily into fibres.
Leaves , upright, stiff, ribbed, dark-green, subglaucescent, linear-ensiform, tapering gradually to an acute point, ¼-i in. by 1 2 in. at flowering time, but growing longer subsequently.
Stem , about 10-12 in., round, sheathed in 3 or 4 reduced leaves, which entirely hide the internodes and bearing a terminal head of two flowers and sometimes one or two lateral spicate heads, each of a single flower.
Spathe valves , firm, green, somewhat inflated, over, the outer valve alone being slightly keeled.
Pedicel, about 1 in. in length. lanceolate, remaining green long after the flowers are ½ in. by 2½ in.
Ovary , ½-¾ in. long, with 6 ribs arranged in 3 pairs, and a tapering neck, which is similarly ribbed.
Tube , broad, under ½ in. long.
Falls. The lanceolate haft is separated by a distinct constriction from the almost orbicular blade, which is about half as long as the haft. At the base the colour is due to red purple veins on a white ground ; on the blade these veins become a deep blue purple, and the ground-work is of a slightly paler shade of the same colour. The central ridge is greenish yellow with faint purple dots.
Standards , slightly shorter than the falls, oblanceolate-unguiculate, of a deep violet-blue colour, slightly edged with yellow in the lower part.
Styles , narrow oblong.
Crests , small, triangular or subquadrate.
Stigma , bifid, with two distinct points.
Filaments , broad, dark purple.
Anthers , purple, edged with yellow.
Pollen , orange.
Capsule , oblong, beaked, with a double ridge at each angle, 1-2 in. long.
Seeds , brown, smooth, ~more or less cubical, enveloped in a loose, dark, papery covering.
Iris spuria subsp. maritima (Dykes) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 190 (1935).

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Synonyms

Xyridion maritimum (Dykes) Rodion., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 58 (2005). ----

Chromosome counts

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Variations

none ----

Hybrids

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Distribution & Cultivation

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Interested in Iris Species? Please visit the: Species Iris Group of North America website.

Your Observations are valued. Please make note of bud count, branching, purple based foliage and bloom time, etc. Because these are affected by climate, note date, year and geographic location and write these and other comments in the comment box below.

 

-- Main.RPries - 2010-09-01
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Iris-spuria-subsp_-maritima-1.jpgjpg Iris-spuria-subsp_-maritima-1.jpg manage 103 K 08 Aug 2016 - 12:49 BobPries Ken Walker photo
Iris-spuria-subsp_-maritimaBarton.jpgjpg Iris-spuria-subsp_-maritimaBarton.jpg manage 100 K 08 Aug 2016 - 12:50 BobPries Rodney Barton photo
Iris-spuria-subsp_-maritimaBarton_2.jpgjpg Iris-spuria-subsp_-maritimaBarton_2.jpg manage 95 K 08 Aug 2016 - 12:50 BobPries Rodney Barton photo
maritima_F_reducd.jpgjpg maritima_F_reducd.jpg manage 66 K 02 Sep 2010 - 19:26 UnknownUser  
maritima_from_Mr1._Hallau_reducd_Hallau_reducd maritima_from_Mr1._Hallau_reducd manage 51 K 02 Sep 2010 - 19:28 UnknownUser  
spuriamaritimaSaxifraga-Jan_van_der_Straaten.jpgjpg spuriamaritimaSaxifraga-Jan_van_der_Straaten.jpg manage 59 K 08 Aug 2016 - 12:20 BobPries Jan van der Straaten photo see 2016 reference
spuriamaritimaSaxifraga-Jan_van_der_Straaten2.jpgjpg spuriamaritimaSaxifraga-Jan_van_der_Straaten2.jpg manage 67 K 08 Aug 2016 - 12:21 BobPries Jan van der Straaten photo see reference 2016
Topic revision: r6 - 02 Nov 2016, BobPries
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