| John Gilbert Baker gave the following notes in Bot. Mag.
* Genus Xiphion, Tournef. (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 122.) Xiphion (Juno) planifolium ; bulbo magno ovoideo, tunicis bmmieis membrana ceis, foliis productis 5-6 lanceolatis suberectis acuminatis, spathse sessilis ssepissime unifloris valvis magnis lanceolatis, periantbii lilacini tubo 2-4-pollicari, limbi segmentis exterioribus oblongo-cuneatis obtusis 2-;j poll, longis supra medium falcatis infra medium aurantiaco-carinatis segmentis interi-oribus multo minoribus patulis oblanceolatis unguieulatis, stigmatibus magnis periantbii segmentis exterioribus suba^quilongis, capsula oblonga in centra foliorum sessibl, seminibus globosis testa brunnea.
* X. planifolium, Miller in Garcl. Diet. edit. vi. ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soe. vol. xvi. p. 123. Iris alata, Point, Voy. Barb. vol. ii. p. 86 ; Bot. Reg. t. 1876. I. scorpioides, Desf. Fl. Atlant. vol. i. p. 40, t. 6 ; Bed. Lil. t. 211. I. transtagana, Brotero, Fl. Lusit. vol. i. p. 52. I. trialata, Brotero, Phyt. Lusit. vol. ii. p. 44, t. ( .).">. I. microptera, Valil, Enum. vol. ii. p. 142.
* This is a most peculiar and unique Irid. It has very large generally single delicate lilac flowers, that rise without any stem from the centre of a number of leaves, the showy part of the flower being made up of the large stigmas and large outer segments of the perianth, the three inner segments being very small and spreading from the top of the long perianth-tube. It is widely spread through the south of Europe, extending from Portugal to Sicily, and reappearing across the Mediterranean. As it flowers from September to January, it can only be satisfactorily grown in England under cover, and lately it has been imported and sold in considerable quantity to be grown in coloured glasses on mantelpieces and in windows, like hyacinths. It has been known to botanists for the last two hundred years, and there is perhaps hardly any other bulbous plant that has received so many different names, as it has had six different specific names, and the small group of bulbous Irises to which it belongs has been characterised as a genus five times by as many different authorities. The specimen drawn was flowered at Kew at the end of last December, and was received from Mr. T. S. Ware, of Tottenham.
Descr. Bulb ovoid, one or two inches in diameter, with brown membranous tunics and a tuft of four or five fleshy cylindrical white root-fibres. Produced leaves five or six, contemporary with the flowers, lanceolate, acuminate, suberect, about half a foot long, narrowed from near the base gradually to the point, moderately firm in texture. Stem none above the soil, so that the usually one-flowered spathe is sessile in the centre of the rosette of leaves. Spathe valves lanceolate, membranous, two to four inches long. Perianth delicate lilac with darker blotches; tube cylindrical, three to six inches long; outer segments of the limb obovate-cuneate, two or three inches long, reflexing considerably above the middle, keeled with bright yellow, not bearded ; inner segments of the limb about an inch long, oblanceolate unguioulate, spreading from the top of the tube. Stigmas with their large dimidiate-oblong toothed crests nearly as long as the outer segments of the perianth. Anthers yellowish, about as long as the free filaments. Capsule oblong, sessile like that of Colchicum on the surface of the soil in the centre of the leaves. Seeds brown, as large as a pea. — J. G. Baker.
|Voy. Barb. 2: 86.1789;|
|Hocker 1936; Orp. 1930; 1938;|
|Desfontaines, R.L., Flora Atlantica, vol. 1: t. 6 (1798)|
|Redouté, P.J., Les Liliacées, 1808, Tome IV, n° 211+ description by De Candolle.|
|Edwards’s Botanical Register, vol. 22: t. 1876 (1836) (S.A. Drake)|
|The garden. An illustrated weekly journal of horticulture in all its branches [ed. William Robinson], vol. 14: t. 156, fig. 1 (1878)|
|Gartenflora [E. von Regel], vol. 40: t. 1351, fig. 4 (1891)|
|In the following catalogs; Krel. 1875; 1913; Van T. 1900; Grull. 1907; Wal. 1913;|
|Dykes The Genus Iris 194. 1913, illustrated in color;|
|jpg||AlataEdwardsBotReg1876.jpg||manage||117 K||02 Aug 2016 - 16:11||BobPries||Edwards Botanical Register|
|jpg||AlataGartenflora.jpg||manage||139 K||02 Aug 2016 - 16:06||BobPries||From Gartenflora|
|jpg||AlataTheGarden.jpg||manage||200 K||02 Aug 2016 - 12:54||BobPries||Courtesy of The Biodiversity Heritage Library|
|jpg||Dykes_plate_XVLIII_alata.jpg||manage||52 K||04 Jan 2011 - 16:14||UnknownUser||From Dykes The Genus Iris|
|jpg||Iris-planifolia-11.jpg||manage||95 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:01||BobPries||Hans Achilles photo|
|jpg||Iris-planifolia-21.jpg||manage||89 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:03||BobPries||Hans Achilles photo|
|jpg||Iris-planifolia-41.jpg||manage||65 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:08||BobPries|
|jpg||Iris-planifolia-51.jpg||manage||51 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:09||BobPries||Hans Achilles photo|
|jpg||Iris-planifolia-61.jpg||manage||104 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:12||BobPries||Ken Walker photo|
|jpg||Iris-planifolia-71.jpg||manage||99 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:14||BobPries||Tony Hall photo|
|jpg||Iris_Scorpioides_211.jpg||manage||51 K||12 Dec 2014 - 18:58||BobPries||Biodiversity Heritage Library|
|jpg||Planifolia-Pink-T-Hall.jpg||manage||150 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:22||BobPries||Tony Hall photo rare pink Morrocan Form|
|jpg||Planifolia-T-Hall.jpg||manage||167 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:17||BobPries||Tony Hall photo|
|jpg||Planifolia-Toolan.jpg||manage||304 K||18 Jan 2015 - 19:06||BobPries||Patricia Toolan photo|
|jpg||irisplanifoliaalb01i.jpg||manage||58 K||08 Oct 2014 - 15:46||Main.TLaurin||Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark|
|jpg||irisplanifoliacollandalusien01.jpg||manage||53 K||08 Oct 2014 - 15:43||Main.TLaurin||Photo by Kirsten Andersen-alpines.dk-Denmark|
|jpg||planifolia_bot_mag_plate_6352.jpg||manage||190 K||26 Sep 2013 - 14:39||BobPries||From Biodiversity Heritage Library|