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(SPEC) Iris X species (The X files)

X-Files

Botanical names representing hybrid crosses have an X before what would normally be the species epithet. Like other botanical names they are italicized with the exception of the X. A common computer error automatically italicizes the x also.

An X name like Iris xrobusta designates hybrids involving the two or more species, no matter what generation from the original cross. The cross may be one that occurred in nature or was man-made. In our example xrobusta designates hybrids that involve both Iris virginica and Iris versicolor. Xrobusta would appear in alphabetical lists under R not X.

Below is a list of Iris X names. Each of these would be part of the SPX Class or one of its further refinements, TB, LA, etc." Bolded names indicate those accepted by the World Checklist.

Iris × agatha auct., Garden (London 1871-1927) 46: 157 (1894).

Iris × alba Savi, Fl. Pis. 1: 32 (1798).

Iris × albilinea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931).

Iris × alticristata Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 353 (1931).

Iris × altobarbata A.E.Murray, Kalmia 1: 25 (1969).

Iris × amnicola Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931).

Iris × amoena Redouté, Liliac. 6: t. 336 (1811).

Iris × atroenantha Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931).

Iris × atroviolacea Lange, Bot. Tidsskr. 13: 18 (1882).

Iris × auralata Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931).

Iris × aureonympha E.English, Natl. Hort. Mag. 27: 167 (1948).

Iris × australis Tod., Nuov. Gen. Sp.: 49 (1861).

Iris × australis var. mandraliscae (Tod.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882).

Iris × australis var. tinaei (Tod.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882).

Iris × autosyndetica Simonet, Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 198: 1173 (1934).

Iris × barthii (Prodán & Buia) Prodán & Nyar. in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 472 (1966).

Iris × barthiiformis (Prodán) Prodán & Nyar. in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 475 (1966).

Iris × barthiiformis f. violacea (Prodán) Prodán & Nyar. in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 475 (1966).

Iris × belouinii Bois & Cornuault, Rev. Hort. 87: 547 (1915).

Iris × bifurcata Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931).

Iris × biliottii Foster, Gard. Chron. 1887(1): 738 (1887).

Iris × binata Schur, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 354 (1860).

Iris × binata f. purpurea Prodán in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 852 (1966).

Iris × binata f. sulphurea Prodán in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 852 (1966).

Iris × bonstedtii H.R.Wehrh., Gartenflora 77: 304 (1928).

Iris × borzae (Prodán) Prodán & Nyar. in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 523 (1966).

Iris × brevipes Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 355 (1931).

Iris × brzhezitzky Grossh., Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 30 (1944).

Iris × buiana Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 201 (1946).

Iris × buiana var. virescens Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 202 (1945).

Iris × cacique (J.Berry) N.C.Hend., Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. inval.

Iris × caeciliae Grossh., Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 32 (1944).

Iris × caesia Berg, Flora 18: 563 (1835).

Iris × callirhodea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 347 (1931).

Iris × cerasioides Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931).

Iris × chlorolopha Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931).

Iris × chrysolopha Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931).

Iris × chrysophoenicia Small, Addisonia 14: 7 (1929).

Iris × citriviola Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931).

Iris × corygei Lynch, Book of the Iris: 146 (1904).

Iris × croatica Prodán, Fl. Dobrudscha Meeresk. Rum.: 15 (1931).

Iris × croatica Horvat & M.D.Horvat, Acta Bot. Croat. 20-21: 8 (1962), nom. illeg.

Iris × crocinubia Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 341 (1931).

Iris × cucullata Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 74 (1853).

Iris × cyanantha Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931).

Iris × cyanochrysea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931).

Iris × cypriana Foster & Baker, Gard. Chron. 1888(2): 182 (1888).

Iris × deflexa Knowles & Westc., Fl. Cab. 2: 19 (1838).

Iris × dewinkeleri Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 335 (1931).

Iris × diantha Schur, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 354 (1860), nom. illeg.

Iris × flexicaulis Small, Addisonia 12: 9 (1927).

Iris × florentina L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 863 (1759).

Iris × florentina var. alba (Savi) DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 5: 328 (1815).

Iris × florentina subsp. alba (Savi) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 51 (1805).

Iris × florentina var. albicans (Lange) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 146 (1877).

Iris × florentina subsp. albicans (Lange) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 255 (1890).

Iris × florentina var. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 299 (1923).

Iris × florentina var. madonna (Dykes) L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 2: 1672 (1933).

Iris × florentina var. pallida Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882).

Iris × florentinoides Prodán ex Nyar. in T.Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 11: 515 (1966).

Iris × fulvala Dykes, Gen. Iris: 81 (1913).

Iris × fumiflora Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931).

Iris × fumifulva Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931).

Iris × fuscaurea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931).

Iris × fuscirosea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931).

Iris × fuscisanguinea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931).

Iris × fuscivenosa Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 341 (1931).

Iris × geminiflora Besser, Flora 15(2 Beibl.): 11 (1832).

Iris × gentilliana Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931).

Iris × germanica L., Sp. Pl.: 38 (1753).

Iris × germanica var. alba Dykes, Handb. Iris: 216 (1924).

Iris × germanica subsp. albicans (Lange) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Paisos Catalans 4: 158 (2001).

Iris × germanica var. amas Dykes, Gen. Iris: 164 (1913).

Iris × germanica var. askabadensis Dykes, Gen. Iris: 164 (1913).

Iris × germanica var. australis (Tod.) Dykes, Gen. Iris: 164 (1913).

Iris × germanica var. calabra N.Terracc., Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 9: 36 (1900).

Iris × germanica var. florentina (L.) Dykes, Gen. Iris: 164 (1913).

Iris × germanica var. fontarabie Dykes, Gen. Iris: 163 (1913).

Iris × germanica var. gypsea Rodigas, Ill. Hort. 40: 81 (1893).

Iris × germanica var. illyrica Fiori in A.Fiori & al., Fl. Italia 1: 224 (1896).

Iris × germanica subsp. illyrica (Tomm. ex Vis.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882).

Iris × germanica var. kharput Dykes, Gen. Iris: 163 (1913).

Iris × germanica var. lurida (Aiton) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882).

Iris × germanica var. nepalensis (Wall. ex Lindl.) Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 26(Misc.): 34 (1840).

Iris × germanica subsp. pallida (Lam.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Paisos Catalans 4: 159 (2001).

Iris × germanica subsp. pallide-caerulaea Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 51 (1805).

Iris × germanica var. sivas G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard., Suppl. 2: 447 (1900).

Iris × germanica var. suaveolens N.Terracc., Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Fis., IV, 2(App.): 7 (1890).

Iris × goosiana H.R.Wehrh., Gartenflora 77: 305 (1928).

Iris × graminiflora Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 106 (1852), orth. var.

Iris × guertleri (Prodán) Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 193 (1946).

Iris × humei G.Don in J.C.Loudon, Encycl. Pl., Suppl. 1: 1150 (1841).

Iris × hybrida Retz., Fasc. Obs. Bot.: 6 (1774).

Iris × ianthina Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931).

Iris × intercedens Negodi, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 39: 216 (1932).

Iris × iochroma Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931).

Iris × iocyanea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931).

Iris × iodantha Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931).

Iris × ioleuca Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931).

Iris × iophaea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931).

Iris × karjaginii Grossh., Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 31 (1944).

Iris × kobasensis Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 157 (1934 publ. 1935).

Iris × kochii A.Kern. ex Stapf, Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 37: 649 (1887).

Iris × koenigii Sosn., Trudy Tbilissk. Bot. Inst. 2: 229 (1938).

Iris × laciniata Berg, Flora 16(1 Beibl.): 28 (1833).

Iris × lancipetala Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931).

Iris × latifolia Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 2: 497 (1792), contrary to Art. 32.7 ICBN (2000).

Iris × lilacinaurea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931).

Iris × louisianica N.C.Hend., Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 293: 80 (1994), nom. inval.

Iris × ludoviciana Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931).

Iris × lundstroemii Fedde, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 42(2): 23 (1920).

Iris × lurida Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 68 (1789).

Iris × macrantha Simonet, Bull. Soc. Natl. Hort. France, VI, 2: 107 (1935).

Iris × marplei Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931).

Iris × matthiolii Tausch, Flora 12(1 Erg.): 48 (1829).

Iris × mesopotamica Dykes, Gen. Iris: 176 (1913).

Iris × moricolor Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931).

Iris × murorum Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montauban: 30 (1789).

Iris × neglecta Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 55 (1813).

Iris × nelsonii Randolph, Baileya 14: 150 (1967).

Iris × nepalensis Wall. ex Lindl., Bot. Reg. 10: t. 818 (1824).

Iris × norrisii (L.W.Lenz) C.Whitehouse, Hanburyana 5: 67 (2011).

Iris × nostras Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd. 1: t. 23a (1764), opus utique oppr.

Iris × nyaradyana Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 176 (1934 publ. 1935).

Iris × oenantha Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 344 (1931).

Iris × officinalis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 43 (1796).

Iris × oolopha Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931).

Iris × pallida Ten., Fl. Napol. 3: 36 (1811), nom. illeg.

Iris × pallidirosea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 347 (1931).

Iris × paludicola Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 352 (1931).

Iris × parkor Foster, Gard. Chron. 1895(1): 612 (1895).

Iris × parvicaerulea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 354 (1931).

Iris × parvirosea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931).

Iris × phoenicis Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 349 (1931).

Iris × piatrae Prodán, Ann. Sci. Univ. Jassy, Pt. 2, Sci. Nat. 27: 126 (1941).

Iris × pseudocristata Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931).

Iris × pseudopumilioides (Prodán) Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 191 (1946).

Iris × pseudovariegata Leichtlin, Garden (London 1871-1927) 55: 418 (1899).

Iris × purpurissata Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 340 (1931).

Iris × pyrrholopha Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931).

Iris × redouteana Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 13: 56 (1846).

Iris × regalis Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931).

Iris × regifulva Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931).

Iris × repanda Berg, Flora 18: 565 (1835).

Iris × rhodantha Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 346 (1931).

Iris × rhodochrysea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 347 (1931).

Iris × robusta E.S.Anderson, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 15: 304 (1928).

Iris × rosiflora Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931).

Iris × rosilutea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931).

Iris × rosipurpurea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 343 (1931).

Iris × rothschildii Degen, Fl. Veleb. 1: 646 (1936).

Iris × rubea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 338 (1931).

Iris × rubicunda Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931).

Iris × rubrolilacina Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931).

Iris × salmonicolor Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931).

Iris × sambucina L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 863 (1759).

Iris × sancti-cyri J.Rousseau, Canad. J. Res., Sect. C, Bot. Sci. 28(C): 241 (1950).

Iris × setosothungbergii H.Koidz. ex T.Shimizu, Fl. Nagano Pref.: 1510 (1997).

Iris × shelfordensis H.R.Wehrh., Gartenflora 77: 338 (1928).

Iris × sikkimensis Dykes, Gen. Iris: 134 (1913).

Iris × sinistra Sosn., Soobshch. Akad. Nauk Gruzinsk. S.S.R. 2: 651 (1941).

Iris × spaethii H.R.Wehrh., Gartenflora 77: 304 (1928).

Iris × spectabilis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 43 (1796).

Iris × squalens L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 863 (1759).

Iris × squalens var. biflora Prodán & Buia, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 205 (1945).

Iris × squalens subsp. borzae Prodán, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 183 (1934 publ. 1935).

Iris × squalens subsp. lepida (Heuff.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 700 (1882).

Iris × squalens var. rosea Prodán & Buia, Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 25: 204 (1945).

Iris squamata Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montauban: 31 (1789).

Iris × subfulva Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 337 (1931).

Iris × superba Berg, Flora 18: 567 (1835).

Iris × tardiflora Berg, Flora 18: 566 (1835).

Iris × tatianae Grossh., Izv. Azerbaidzhansk. Fil. 10: 30 (1944).

Iris × thomasii Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 348 (1931).

Iris × thompsonii R.C.Foster, Rhodora 38: 199 (1936).

Iris × trojana A.Kern. ex Stapf, Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 37: 650 (1887).

Iris × turcomanica Dykes, Gard. Chron., III, 65: 256 (1912).

Iris × tyriana Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 342 (1931).

Iris × vanhouttei Leichtlin ex Baker, Handb. Irid.: 20 (1892).

Iris × varbossania K.Malý, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 31: 75 (1919).

Iris × venusta J.Booth ex Berg, Flora 16(1 Beibl.): 31 (1833).

Iris × vinicolor Small, Addisonia 12: 1 (1927).

Iris × violacea Savi, Bot. Etrusc. 2: 9 (1815).

Iris × violilutea Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 350 (1931).

Iris × violipurpurea Small, Addisonia 14: 1 (1929).

Iris × violivenosa Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 339 (1931).

Iris × viridis Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 345 (1931).

Iris × viridivinea Small, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 341 (1931).

Iris × vulgaris Pohl, Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 46 (1809).

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-- Main.RPries - 2011-03-07
Topic revision: r6 - 08 Sep 2016, BobPries
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