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■(TB) 'Alcazar'

1910, Vilmorin

'Alcazar' (Vilmorin, 1910). Seedling year 1906. TB. Midseason late bloom. Color Class S3D. Vilmorin 1910.

Nursery listings: Vilm. 1910; Wing 1920; Francis 1920; Sheets 1928; Brand 1932; Clev. 1938; Fair Farm 1938; Brookdale 1939.

See below:

alcazar.JPGalcazar01.jpgalcazar02.jpgAlcazar02.jpgalcazar03.jpgalcazar5.jpgalcazar6.jpgalcazar7.jpgAlcazar 5.JPGAlcazar Cornell.jpgAlcazar sb 010e.jpgAlcazar single bloom sb .jpgAncien Alcazar 30.JPGAncien Alcazar 60.JPGIris Alcazar 20.JPGJardin secret01.JPG

References

Journal de la Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France, 1908, 4e série, Tome IX, p. 654; 1922, Tome XXIII, p. 215; note: listed as introduced in 1906.
Sturtevant's 1922 catalog gives "Alcazar (Vilm. 1910) — The , massive, widely branching stalks bear large flowers unsurpassed in garden effect; plant vigorous and long flowering; S. Light Mauve, F. deep Cotinga Purple with creamy haft and bronze veined throat. 42 in. F. C. C., R. H. S. 1.25"
 
'Alcazar': Although this is one of the older varieties, originated in 1911, it is still one of the finest Iris in cultivation. [Robert Wayman, "Best Twenty-five Irises", The Flower Grower Oct 1925: 404. Print.]
"Standards mauve, falls dark purple. The bronze and yellow at its center add to the beauty of this large, vigorous well branched variety. 36 in. . . . . .25c; 3 for 60c."[Carl Salbach Iris Catalog, Berkeley, CA, 1930].
Comment: A.H.Burgess and Son Waikanae, Wellington New Zealand first introduced 'Alcazar' into commerce in 1927, this description is from the 1930 catalogue. One of the largest and handsomest Irises in the collection; a strong grower and most profuse bloomer. Standards light bronzy violet; Falls long of a deep velvety purple. Mid-Season 3½ft. 2 shillings and sixpence. When first introduced Alcazar had clearer color, more vigor, more adaptability, better branching, bigger size, better substance, and better disease resistance than its contemporaries. At the time nearly every other garden iris of its day was diploid Alcazar was one of the first garden tetraploids; having a chromosome count of 2n=48. The significance being when introduced it represented a great advance over other garden irises of the time. This is due in no small way to Alcazar's I. trojana parentage. You might think what has a French bred Iris got to do with New Zealand's Iris heritage? Well featured below is a scan of page of Jean Stevens Stud Book 1925 Crosses which shows the use of Alcazar plus many other French and British Irises, Jean used in her early breeding programme. Some of these Irises I have recently referred to and featured on the blog and indicate how these irises formed the start of New Zealand's breeding Heritage.Yes they really are important!! Two pages of 5 for the 1925 season.
From Bulletin 112: Color effect light hortense violet, velvety pansy-violet bicolor; Standards light mauve or hortense violet, shaded deeper in recesses of creped portions.; falls deep velvety pansy violet, bronzed and veined on wide outer haft and becoming olive-yellow along the dense, showy beard. A large well-balanced flower of extra substance, firm texture, and good fragrance. The exceptionally tall, widely branched flowering stalks are freely produced and well supported by excellent dark foliage of open growth. This is a distinct variety, and one of the best ten as a specimen plant. Rating 89.Vilmorin 1910.
This an early bloomer and it can carry any handles. Source?

Synonyms

Ute Chief.

Progeny

'Alcazar' was one of the most important early cultivars in the creation of the modern tetraploid tall-bearded Irises. Here is a list of it first generation crosses; (under construction)

'Aaron', 'Ahwahnee', 'Al Rashid', 'Alkinah', 'Andante', 'Azrael',
'Baldur', 'Bengal Lancer', 'Birchcroft', 'Boulevardier', 'C.J.P.Ulm', 'Cassandra',
'Chenango', 'Chief Iroquois', 'Derrick', 'Desire', 'Dusk', 'Evensong',

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Your Observations Are Valued. Please make note of bud count, branching, purple based foliage and bloom time, etc. Because these are affected by climate, note date, year and geographic location and write these and other comments in the comment box below.

Interested in French irises ? Please visit the "Société Française des Iris et plantes Bulbeuses" website (french language)

 

Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Alcazar02.jpgjpg Alcazar02.jpg manage 139 K 14 Sep 2017 - 02:14 Main.TLaurin Photo by Amazing Iris Garden-New Zealand
Alcazar_5.JPGJPG Alcazar_5.JPG manage 4 MB 01 Jun 2015 - 18:22 Main.Neira  
Alcazar_Cornell.jpgjpg Alcazar_Cornell.jpg manage 877 K 28 Jan 2014 - 14:20 Main.davepote Sand, Austin W. W. A Study of Pogoniris Varieties. 1925. Ithaca: Cornell University. 75. Historical Iris Preservation Society Photocopy edition, 2003. Print.
Alcazar_sb_010e.jpgjpg Alcazar_sb_010e.jpg manage 61 K 23 Aug 2010 - 07:19 Main.rivdel Alcazar in my garden in New Zealand Stephanie Boot
Alcazar_single_bloom_sb_.jpgjpg Alcazar_single_bloom_sb_.jpg manage 43 K 23 Aug 2010 - 07:20 Main.rivdel Alcazar in my garden in New Zealand 2 Stephanie Boot
Ancien_Alcazar_30.JPGJPG Ancien_Alcazar_30.JPG manage 54 K 03 Jun 2015 - 16:25 Main.TLaurin Photo by Daniele D.
Ancien_Alcazar_60.JPGJPG Ancien_Alcazar_60.JPG manage 53 K 03 Jun 2015 - 16:27 Main.TLaurin Photo by Daniele D.
Iris_Alcazar_20.JPGJPG Iris_Alcazar_20.JPG manage 88 K 03 Jun 2015 - 16:28 Main.TLaurin Photo by Daniele D.
Jardin_secret01.JPGJPG Jardin_secret01.JPG manage 72 K 03 Jun 2015 - 16:29 Main.TLaurin Photo by Daniele D.
alcazar.JPGJPG alcazar.JPG manage 66 K 30 Jan 2011 - 18:33 IrisP  
alcazar01.jpgjpg alcazar01.jpg manage 53 K 03 May 2015 - 14:28 Main.TLaurin Photo by Ozark Iris Gardens
alcazar02.jpgjpg alcazar02.jpg manage 52 K 28 Jul 2014 - 02:36 Main.TLaurin Photo by Richmond Irises-New Zealand
alcazar03.jpgjpg alcazar03.jpg manage 22 K 20 Aug 2015 - 14:17 Main.TLaurin Photo by Amazing Iris Garden-New Zealand
alcazar5.jpgjpg alcazar5.jpg manage 31 K 05 Aug 2017 - 03:08 Main.TLaurin Photo by Iriswarehouse
alcazar6.jpgjpg alcazar6.jpg manage 13 K 13 Sep 2013 - 19:31 Main.TLaurin Photo by Anne Milner
alcazar7.jpgjpg alcazar7.jpg manage 14 K 19 Mar 2013 - 15:51 Main.TLaurin Wildwood Gardens
Topic revision: r51 - 03 Dec 2018, davepote
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