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(AB) 'Autosyndetica'

1934, Simonet

'Autosyndetica' (Marc Simonet, 1934). Often referred to as if it were a cultivar, this is actually a grouping of cultivars that created a fertile family. Botanically this is Iris x autosyndetica Simonet and refers to any plant having tetraploid regelia and tetraploid bearded iris as the parents or their progeny crossed to each other. The idea of this fertile family was promoted by Simonet and later Peter Werckmeister for development of a hardy, unique family of hybrids much as today's SDBs are a unique fertile family. See following entry. Simonet in C. r. Acad. Sci. 198, 1173, 1934. [fertile Pogoregelia hybrid]

See below:

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Simonet Marc, (1934): Stabilité chromosomique et parfaite constitution pollinique d'un hybride entre espèces à nombres inégaux et aneuploïdes de chromosomes (Iris autosyndetica Nob.), Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France, Tome 81, p. 273-283.
From Archives Grande Encyclopédie Larousse, édition 1971-1976, p. 5022: "Cette nouvelle espèce, créée par Marc Simonet, provient du croisement de deux Iris tétraploïdes : Iris hoogiana (N = 22) et I. macrantha (N = 24). L’hybride obtenu a 2 N = 46 ; il réalise une mosaïque des caractères parentaux. La méiose de l’hybride est régulière : les 22 chromosomes d’un parent s’apparient entre eux, et les 24 chromosomes de l’autre parent se comportent de même. Les gamètes sont viables."

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-- Main.RPries - 2011-03-07
Topic revision: r6 - 27 Jul 2018, af.83
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