Hesperantha coccinea, formerly Schizostylis

Hesperantha coccinea (Backh. & Harv.) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning, Novon 6: 263 (1996).

See below:

Big Mama 4-29-2020.jpgCocinea in Flores des Serres.jpgHesperantha coccinea Biot Mag.jpgNovember Cheer 20200421 142834.jpgOregon Sunset 4-29-2020.jpgPallida 20200421 142819.jpgPICT0212.JPGPICT0218.JPG

Cultivars:

ABOUT CULTIVARS: The Royal Horticultural society Plant Finder lists 81 cultivars. But many of these may be synonyms of each other and many of the "names" are not proper cultivar names. Most cultivars are about 18 inches tall in bloom, but the early species example can produce 36 inch bloomstalks. The size of flowers varies with a diameter of 3.25 inches in 'Big Mama' to a more common size of 2.5 inches as in November cheer and a smaller flower of 1.5 inches in most whites. There can be up to 15 flowers per bloom stalk and one can expect a bloomseason of 1-2 months.
'Anne' 'Big Mama' peachy pink 3inch diameter flowers See more 'Caroline' 'Coccinea' See More
'Viscountess Byng' Regstered with KAVB 12-31-1992 'Wilfred H. Bryant' Regstered by Mrs. J. K. Bryant with KAVB 3-12-1998 'Zeal Salmon' Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992.
'Cocinea Major' Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992. 'Cardinal' Registered by KAVB 12-31-1992 'Elburton Glow' 'Cindy Towe'
'Hannah Gould' 'Hannah Gubbay' 'Hilary Gould' 'Hint of Pink'
'Jack Frost' 'Jennifer' Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992 'Lipstick' 'Maidens Blush'
'Mollie Gould' 'Mrs. Hegarty' gvan Tubergen registered with KAVB 12-31-1921 see also G. Fletcher Observations https://www.gfletcher.ca/?p=979 "1. The “pink” variety I have does not correspond to either of the pink varieties mentioned in this reference . “Schizostylis coccinea ‘Mrs Hegarty’ was named by Sir Frederick Moore, the Director of Glasnevin Botanic Garden, after the lady who discovered a chance pink seedling in her garden in County Galway in 1914. She was persuaded to show her plant at the RHS show in London in 1919. It was immediately successful and was given an Award of Merit. Schizostylis coccinea ‘Mrs Hegarty’ has deep rose-pink flowers and yellow anthers and has been rather superceded by the cultivar ‘Sunrise’ which is also pink. Schizostylis coccinea ‘Viscountess Byng’ has pale pink petals and the anthers are purple brown. This cultivar is later flowering and is named after the dedicated rock gardener of the 1920’s. Her flower beds were sometimes temporarily covered in water.” Reference: “St. Andrews Botanic Garden Flower of the Month”However the anthers of the pink variety I have are pink!" 'November Cheer' Registered by Alan Bloom with KAVB 12-31-1992, Pink flowers with red streaks more apparent in warmer weather above 70 degrees Farenheit. See More 'Oregon Sunset' See More
'Pallida' Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992 See More 'Professor Barnard' Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992 'Red Dragon' Registered with KAVB 3-12-2016 'Red Prairie Rose'
'Rosalie' Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992 'Salmon Charm' 'Salmon Star' see More 'Silver Pink'
'Snow Maiden' 'Sunrise' Registered by Eric Smith with KAVB 12-31-1992 'Tambara' "A quite new variety 'Tambara' (1970), collected by Lady Drewe in Rhodesia, opens the season in August with large flowers of warm rose-pink-*GST, Registered with KAVB 12-31-1992 'Torero'

Synonyms:

  • * Basionym/Replaced Synonym

Heterotypic Synonyms: Homotypic Names:
  • * Schizostylis coccinea Backh. & Harv., Bot. Mag. 90: t. 5422 (1864).
  • Schizostylis pauciflora Klatt, Linnaea 35: 380 (1867).
  • Schizostylis ixioides Harv. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 108 (1877).

References:

Bot Mag table 5422 The specimen of this lovely Iridaceous plant, here represented, was sent to us by Messrs. Backhouse and Son, from their Nursery at York, in November of the present year, 1863, with the information that it inhabits eastern rivers of South Africa, called Kabousie and Keir-kamma, in Kaffirland. Subsequently, Dr. Harvey has informed me that he possesses specimens of the same plant, gathered by Cooper (n. 1197 of his distributed collection), near Drackensberg Mountain; and also from Mr. D'Urban (n. 110), who found it by the Kabousie river, in British Cain-aria, in both cases growing very near water. Again, Dr. Harvey has detected it in Mr. Sanderson's collections from Natal ; and in Mr. Hutton's from the Katberg, altitude 3000 feet, who speaks of it as a " beautiful pink Hesperantha" showing its affinity in his eyes to that genus, to which Mr. Backhouse also detected a resemblance. These specimens, besides having paler flowers than our figure represents, have occasionally also the lobes of the perianth more obtuse.
Descr. The root, which I have not seen, is described by Mr. Backhouse as " likely to form a conn or bulb-tuber at the base of the stem, and at the extremity of the runners (like Tritonia rosea), though at present there is no clear bulb formed." The plant attains the height of three feet, with long, sheathing, sword-shaped, carinated leaves, the longest arising from the base. Upwards they gradually form bracts, and constitute a distichous spike, from which the flowers (ten to fourteen) gradually emerge, opening in succession from below upwards. Tube of the perianth shorter than the bracts; limb measuring two inches across, of six spreading, uniform, ovate-oblong, very acute, bright crimson lobes. Stamens three, inserted at the summit of the tube. Anthers sagittate, yellow. Ovary inferior, subtriangular. Style filiform, divided nearly halfway down into three slender branches. Stigmas obtuse.
Novon 6: 263 (1996).
*GST=Graham Stuart Thomas, New Edition, Perennial Garden Plants, or the Modern Florilegium, reprinted 1985
Visit the Pacific Bulb Society wiki for mor information
Flores des serres Vol 16: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88504#page/77/mode/1up
The American florist, 1895
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/250521#page/177/mode/1up
 
Gardeners; Chronicles 1878: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84202#page/716/mode/1up Then https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84202#page/810/mode/1up and then in 1879 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84205#page/519/mode/1up then 1882; https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84274#page/420/mode/1up and https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84274#page/610/mode/1up abd https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84274#page/647/mode/1up and https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84274#page/774/mode/1up and 1883; https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84375#page/777/mode/1up and in 1885; https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84376#page/521/mode/1up in 1886 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84213#page/802/mode/1up in 1888 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84279#page/164/mode/1up and https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84279#page/662/mode/1up and https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101336#page/696/mode/1up in 1894 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83806#page/102/mode/1up and https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83816#page/299/mode/1up, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83806#page/102/mode/1up and https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83822#page/353/mode/1up, In 1920 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83848#page/189/mode/1up
Mrs. Hegarty's Kaffir lily in The Garden 1921 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/82683#page/998/mode/1up
Volume 7, Issue 3December 2009 , pp. 281-290 Genetic relatedness and cultivar identification in a valuable garden species, Hesperantha coccinea (Schizostylis coccinea) Kirsten Wolff (a1), Sabina Knees (a2) and Suzanne Cubey (a2) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262109371580Published online by Cambridge University Press: 07 May 2009 Abstract DNA fingerprinting using microsatellites is a useful aid in cultivar identification, but has rarely been applied to garden plants. Eleven microsatellite markers were developed for the valuable garden plant Hesperantha coccinea (Schizostylis coccinea), and used to determine relatedness of accessions. Several accessions, described as separate cultivars, appeared to have identical genotypes. Among the 53 accessions tested, there were 34 unique multilocus genotypes. The level of polymorphism detected in the cultivars was high, with on average seven alleles per locus and an average expected heterozygosity of 0.72 across loci. It is clear from the genotypes that a large proportion of the cultivars are closely related to each other. The resulting markers can now be used to generate a complete database of all known cultivars of the species and to detect essentially derived cultivars. As an extension of this study, the markers identified here could also inform us about the genetic diversity in wild populations.
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84202#page/810/mode/1up

-- BobPries - 11 Feb 2019
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Big Mama 4-29-2020.jpgjpg Big Mama 4-29-2020.jpg manage 3 MB 02 May 2020 - 22:16 BobPries  
Cocinea in Flores des Serres.jpgjpg Cocinea in Flores des Serres.jpg manage 65 K 02 May 2020 - 22:27 BobPries  
Hesperantha coccinea Biot Mag.jpgjpg Hesperantha coccinea Biot Mag.jpg manage 87 K 17 Feb 2019 - 21:57 BobPries  
November Cheer 20200421_142834.jpgjpg November Cheer 20200421_142834.jpg manage 4 MB 03 May 2020 - 21:47 BobPries  
Oregon Sunset 4-29-2020.jpgjpg Oregon Sunset 4-29-2020.jpg manage 3 MB 02 May 2020 - 22:17 BobPries  
PICT0212.JPGJPG PICT0212.JPG manage 419 K 17 Feb 2019 - 21:02 BobPries  
PICT0218.JPGJPG PICT0218.JPG manage 353 K 17 Feb 2019 - 21:02 BobPries  
Pallida 20200421_142819.jpgjpg Pallida 20200421_142819.jpg manage 4 MB 03 May 2020 - 22:08 BobPries  
Topic revision: r18 - 09 Jun 2020, BobPries
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