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■(MTB) 'Honorabile'

1840, Lémon

'Honorabile' (Jean-Nicolas Lémon, 1840). MTB, Midseason bloom. Color Class Y9M, red and yellow variegata.

Note: the iris called nowadays Honorabile is actually iris 'Sans Souci'. According to both French sources from the 1840s, Honorabile has RED falls not mahogany brown as later American sources give it. Moreover, the red zone is a solid not a veined color, as Séraphin Mottet observed it.

See below:


Lémon, Annales de Flore et de Pomone, 1839-1840, p. 367. S. golden yellow, F. yellow with streaks at the base and red at the top with a yellow border. 50-70 cm/20-27".
LEMAIRE Ch., Iris, L'Horticulteur Universel, 1845, Tome VI, p. 189; S. golden yellow, F. yellow with streaks at the base and an elegant red border at the top. Very long lasting flowers.
From: Cornell Bulletin 112 (June 1925): HONORABILE (Lemon, 1840). Color effect, a yellow, red-brown bicolor. Standards light cadmium yellow. falls mahogany red. on bronzed yellow ground, flecked deeper. The color is lighter along the dense, orange beard. The coloring in the falls is less intense and solid some seasons, while in others it becomes so intense that it is almost velvety. The plant is a vigorous grower, producing many small to fair-sized flowers. It is a very old sort, found in most early plantings and masqueraded under many names. The most common synonyms are 'Sans Souci', 'Brilliant', and 'Rebecca'. The newer variety, 'Fro', is much preferred today, tho many still retain 'Honorabile' for its color contrasts and its historic past. Rating is too low at 40. Also known as 'Honorable' in France.
From: The Iris That Lost Its Name (Clarence Mahan): "Seraphin Mottet was not just another nurseryman or iris breeder. He was widely regarded as one of the two or three most knowledgeable authorities on irises in the world. He grew both HONORABILE and SANS SOUCI for the firm Vilmorin-Andrieux et Cie. In the article "Classification des Variétiés d'Iris des Jardins in Les Iris Cultivés, which was published in 1923, Mottet proposed a new system for classifying garden irises based on color.
You can check out the Color Classification chart mentioned here at the end of the 1929 Checklist Introduction posted in the Reading Room Mottet's system had eight color classes with subclasses. Mottet's Class VII was for variegata-type irises. The first two subclasses in Class VII were for irises with pale yellow standards. One of these subclasses was for irises with pale yellow standards an falls with distinct veins, and as example given by Mottet was GRACCHUS. The second subclass described irises with pale yellow standards and solid-colored falls. Mottet cited LORELEY as an iris belonging to this subclass.
The third subclass of Mottet's Class VII was for irises with dark yellow standards and distinctly veined falls. Mottet assigned SANS SOUCI to this subclass. Mottet placed HONORABILE in his fourth subclass for irises with dark yellow standards and solid-colored falls. Thus, according to Mottet, the distinguishing color characteristic of SANS SOUCI and HONORABILE is whether the falls have distinct veins or whether they are solid-colored. If the falls have veining, the iris is SANS SOUCI."
A remembrance article by F. Lesourd may be found in the AIS Bulletin #36(July 1930), pp 12-14.



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-- BetsyHiggins - 2010-03-13 Are the photos here all really Sans Souci? -- JeanRichter - 02 May 2013
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
honorabile1.JPGJPG honorabile1.JPG manage 50 K 09 Feb 2012 - 01:34 Main.htb ©2005 Laurie Frazer
honorabile5.JPGJPG honorabile5.JPG manage 181 K 25 May 2023 - 02:30 Main.TLaurin Photo by Delane Langton-Eagle Ridge Iris Gardens
honorabile50.JPGJPG honorabile50.JPG manage 182 K 25 May 2023 - 02:30 Main.TLaurin Photo by Delane Langton-Eagle Ridge Iris Gardens
Topic revision: r60 - 25 May 2023, TLaurin
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