■ (SPEC) Iris damascena Mouterde
1966, Botanical author Mouterde
Iris damascena Mouterde
, 1966, Syria); Section Oncocyclus
. Height 6-12" (15-30 cm); Standards brown-purple veins and spot on a white ground, falls more heavily veined browner purple, with a small dark purple signal patch, beard of sparse purple hairs.
| Mouterde in Nouv. Fl. Liban & Syrie, i. 318 (1966);
| Weymouth and Chaudhary provide the following description in Botaniska Notisier, v.128, 1975: "Plants rarely more than 30 cm. Rhizome short, compact. Leaves 5-8, usually 7, arched-strongly recurved, 1 cm wide or less, up to 27 cm long; stem leaf one. Peduncle up to 15 cm. Flowers up to 15 cm long from base of the valves often partly enclosed by the upper one or two leaves; valves up to 10 cm, inflated, a little clored with pale violet-purple. Falls obovate-elliptical, up to 8 cm long, about 5 cm wide, rather flat in the basal area, droopy from immediately beyond the beard area; ground creamy white, densely dotted and veined with dark brown-purple like I. sofarana subsp. sofarana; the dots and veins slightly embossed; signal spot small, elliptical, about 1.5 cm long about 1 cm wide, dark purple; beard of sparse, purple hairs. Standards oval, about 9 cm long, about 6 cm wide, ground creamy white, densely fine-dotted and fine veined with purple, the veins denser and embossed in the basal area; narroiwed into a triangular area the abruptly clawed, the claw about 1 cm long and with long, purple hairs; the veins denser and embossed in the basal area. Anthers about 2.5 cm."
2n=20 Awishai & Zohary 1980.
has the following cultivars: 'Magnifica'
aka 'I. Damascena cv. Magnifica', 'Qassioumensis'
Distribution and Cultivation
Syria (Jabl Qasyoun)
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