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■ (SPEC) Iris haynei (Baker) Mallet

1904, Botanical author Baker

Iris haynei (Baker) Mallet (Hayne, before 1905, Mount Gilboa and East Shomron endemic, Israel); Section Oncocyclus ; Flowers Dusky lilac;

See below:
Photo scanned from the Leo T. Clark slide collectionPhoto scanned from the Leo T. Clark slide collectionPhoto scanned from the Herbert Kerr slide collectionPhoto by FietzFrom Rainbow Hybridizing catalog, 1955Iris haynei at Mt. Gilboa, IsraelIris haynei at Mt. Gilboa, IsraelP10323-1457572


Baker in The Gardeners' Chronicle 35, 266 (1904);
_ Krel. 1905; Berry 1922a;
Sapir, Y., A. Shmida, and G. Ne'eman. 2006. Morning floral heat as a reward to the pollinators of the Oncocyclus irises. Oecologia 147:53-59.
Amer. Col. 1939; Registered as form of Iris atrofusca; but listed as species by Mathew although he notes Dinsmore believes it is a doubtful species.
Award of Merit, Royal Horticulture Society 1904, shown by Cutbush; Hort. Dir. 46: 65, 1905;
Arafeh, R. M. H., Y. Sapir, A. Shmida, N. Iraki, O. Fragman, and H. P. Comes. 2002. Patterns of genetic and phenotypic variation in Iris haynei and I. atrofusca (Iris sect. Oncocyclus = the Royal Irises) along an environmental gradient in Israel and the West Bank. Molecular Ecology 11:39-53.
Sapir, Y., A. Shmida, O. Fragman, and H. P. Comes. 2002. Morphological variation of the Oncocyclus Irises (Iris: Iridaceae) in the Southern Levant. Botan J Linn Soc 139:369-382.
Sapir, Y., A. Shmida, and G. Ne'eman. 2005. Pollination of the Oncocyclus irises (Iris: Iridaceae) by night-sheltering male bees. Plant Biology 7:417-424.



Iris haynei (Baker) Mallet); Iris biggeri, Dinsm. ----

Chromosome counts:

2n=20-Avishai & Zohary 1980. Registered as ‘Haynei' ----


Iris haynei (Baker) Mallet).
forma biggeri, (Dinsm.) Mathew

Iris haynei has the following recorded cultivar names; 'Biggeri', 'Haynei'; ----


Iris haynei crosses: 'Arabian Knight', 'Galeet', 'Gilmond', 'Judean Bronze', 'Shah Azul', 'Syrian Dawn'.

Iris haynei is the grandparent in the following crosses; 'Gethsemane', 'Shany', 'Syrian Scroll'. ----

Distribution & Cultivation

Endangered Species: Since the Mount Gilboa iris has such a limited distribution any development on Mt Gilboa threatens to reduce the size of its population possibly to unsustainable levels. For more information Click on this link to the Jewish press.

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-- BobPries - 2010-02-01
  • Iris Haynei is endemic to Palestine. This is published in the IUCN,Plantlife and WWF. It is present in Faqoua` village area, so its name in arabic Sawsan Faqoua`. It is endemic and critically endangered
I can Provide you with my own Pictures for it -- BananAlsheikh - 2014-11-26
  • Dear Banan Alsheikh; We would love to include you pictures on this topic. As in everything on this wiki images and other contributions are displayed but remain the copyright of the contributor. If you would like to e-mail me for assistance my address is Thanks, BP -- BobPries - 2014-11-26
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Hayneibhi.jpgjpg Hayneibhi.jpg manage 329 K 02 Feb 2017 - 14:53 BetsyHiggins From Rainbow Hybridizing catalog, 1955
I.haynei.resize1.jpgjpg I.haynei.resize1.jpg manage 67 K 30 May 2010 - 06:18 Main.sapiry Iris haynei at Mt. Gilboa, Israel
I.haynei.resize2.jpgjpg I.haynei.resize2.jpg manage 47 K 30 May 2010 - 06:25 Main.sapiry Iris haynei at Mt. Gilboa, Israel
P10323-1457572.jpgjpg P10323-1457572.jpg manage 1 MB 28 Jan 2022 - 22:14 YoungBotanist  
haynei01.jpgjpg haynei01.jpg manage 88 K 17 Dec 2015 - 13:18 TerryLaurin Photo scanned from the Leo T. Clark slide collection
haynei02.jpgjpg haynei02.jpg manage 79 K 17 Dec 2015 - 13:20 TerryLaurin Photo scanned from the Leo T. Clark slide collection
haynei03.jpgjpg haynei03.jpg manage 112 K 27 Dec 2015 - 16:15 TerryLaurin Photo scanned from the Herbert Kerr slide collection
haynei_-_Fietz.jpgjpg haynei_-_Fietz.jpg manage 30 K 06 Feb 2010 - 19:40 BetsyHiggins Photo by Fietz
Topic revision: r20 - 28 Mar 2022, TerryLaurin
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