See Show Calender


■ (SPEC) Iris stolonifera Maxim.

1880, Botanical author Maximowicz

Iris stolonifera Maxim. (Carl Johann Maximowicz, 1880, Bokhara & Turkestan); Regelia L height 12-24" (30-60 cm); Color Code-S3M. Easily distinguished by the band of yellow, reddish, or dark brown bordering the standards and falls. In some varieties it may suffuse into the centers but usually the central area has a light, almost white, ground washed with a metalic lavender. Named for its stoloniferous rhizomes which are not unlike those of some other regelias.

See below:

Chocolate 2016 001.jpgI stolonifera NetworkJB19.jpgI-stolonifera-rhizomesA.jpgI-stolonifera-variantA.jpgI-stolonifera-White-FlagA.jpgI. stoloniferaBlueJilek.jpgIris stolonifera Tiberius KWW.jpgIris stolonifera KWW 1.JPGIris stolonifera Sina Dark KWW 1.JPGIrisstolonifAnitaMoran01.jpgIrisstolonifera BabadagMountainsAnitaMoran.jpgIrisstoloniferaBabadagMountainsAnitaMoran02.jpgKugiTangJB18.jpgNetwork6.jpgNetwork 2016 001.jpgstolon01.jpgstolonifera-clone1-75k.jpgstolonifera-clone3-3-75k.jpgstolonifera-clone3-75k.jpgstolonifera.jpgstolonifera18.jpgstolonifera4.JPGstolonifera - Babadag Mtns.jpgstolonifera - Morning Coffee - Jensen.jpgStolonifera From Dykes.jpgstolonifera Network - Bates.jpgstolonifera White Flag - Jensen.jpgStoloniferaAugustusJB17bh.jpgStoloniferaBlueBeardJB.jpgStoloniferaBluishElongated88.jpgstoloniferaChocolate6.jpgStoloniferaConical88.jpgStoloniferaDecoratedBluebeard88.jpgstoloniferaJB17.JPGstoloniferaJD.jpgVespasianus.jpgyellowstol1JB17.JPGyellowstol2JB17.JPG


Max. in Bull. Acad. Pet. 26: 535. 1880
Van T. 1909; 1938;
Tip Top 1938.
Salb. 1929;
Dykes, The Genus Iris 126. 1913, illustrated in color; Iris stolonifera
Rootstock , a somewhat slender fleshy red-skinned rhizome, with a tendency to send out new stolon like growths (see Plate XLVII, Fig. 2 ).
Leaves , ensiform, somewhat dark bluish green, purple at base when young, coarsely striated.
Stem, 1-2 ft., wholly concealed except at the summit by clasping leaves, bearing a single head of 1-3 flowers.
Spathe valves , green, navicular, sharply keeled, slightly scarious at the upper edge and flushed with purple, 2l in. long.
Pedicel , very short.
Ovary , 1 in., rounded trigonal, with a groove on either face, bright pale green.
Tube , 1 in., funnel-shaped, green with a purplish tinge.
Falls . The obovate blade is not separated by any constriction from the broad haft, which is a yellowish-white with conspicuous diffuse orange-brown veins. The blade is of a fine blue purple with a waved edge suffused with bronze. The beard is bright yellow behind and sometimes tipped with brown in front, 2 1/2-3 in. by 1-1-1/4 in.
Standards , obovate unguiculate, blue purple with fine darker veins in the median parts, bronzy brown at the edge from the confluence of brown veins. On the inner side there is a distinct linear beard for more than 1/3 of the whole length, of yellowish hairs tipped with brown or orange. 2 1/2 in. by 1 1/4 in.
Styles , blue purple.
Crests , narrow triangular, bronze brown, with distinct veins.
Stigma, entire, semicircular, prominent.
Filaments, short.
Anthers, very large and at least twice as long as the filament.
Pollen, cream-coloured or slightly tinged with blue.
Capsule , with thin walls, 3 in. long, tapering at either end, sharply trigonal, dehiscing below the beaked apex.
Seeds, light brown, with conspicuous white aril.

The nomenclature and synonymy of this Iris are somewhat confusing, partly owing to the fact that the species was first described from dried specimens alone and partly to the undoubted existence of several forms in the wild state. The facts seem to be as follows. In 1869 Mme 0. Fedtschenko discovered an Iris in the Zarefshan (Sarafschan) valley in the mountains of Turkestan which Maximowicz described as I. stolonifera in 1880 (v. supra). About 1883 Dr Regel received from Bokhara an Iris which he named I. Lez'chtlznz; overlooking apparently the existence of Maximowicz's I. stolonifera, to which he makes no allusion. In 1884 Foster received some plants through Max Leichtlin from General Korolkow, which proved to be very wide-spreading in their growth. He therefore named them I. vaga. In the next year, 1885, he received another specimen from Gen. Korolkow, which, owing to its closer growth, he labelled I. vaga var. compacta (MS). In the Gardeners' Chronicle for 1888 (ii. p. 36), however, he acknowledged that his I. vaga was "only a very distinct variety of I. Leichtlini."

In 1908 seeds and rhizomes were collected in the original locality in Zarefshan by Goldbeck and Fedotoff (see Fedtsch. I.e. p. 75, n. 3). These flowered in Mme Fedtschenko's garden, near Moscow, in 1909, and she was able to compare them with specimens of I. vaga, which she had received from Foster, and as to the identity of which there was therefore no doubt. She came to the conclusion that I. vaga was merely a synonym of I. stolonifera.

But even if all the forms must be looked upon as belonging to the same species, it is useless to deny that the plant is variable in the growth of the rhizome, in the presence or absence of purple colouration at the base of the leaves, and in the colour of the flowers. These are always blue, edged or shot with brown, but the shade of colour may be either pale or dark, the veins may be heavy or faint, and, above all, the beard may be of bright yellow or bright blue or of an intermediate mixture.

In. my own garden I have observed that the same plants, which in one year had yellow beards, in the next had blue, and in another had beards of a dingy colour resulting from the juxtaposition of bluish and yellowish hairs. Max Leichtlin, to whom I appealed to know the colour of the beard of I. Leichtlinii; replied that it was " of a nondescript colour," and contained yellow, white, and blue hairs. No explanation of this change has been put forward. But even if this change in the colour of the beard points to the unreliability of this character, it may be useful to record that Maximowicz's I. stolonifera and Regel's I. Leichtlini had yellow beards, while Foster records (MS.) that the beards both on the falls and on the standards of his I. vaga consisted of hairs that were blue or bluish white above and white tipped yellow at the base. The stem was nearly two feet high. This form I still have in cultivation and I cannot separate it specifically from typical I. stolonifera.
Hort. 7: 8, 191. 15 Apr. 1929, illustrated;
Yr. Bk., I.S.(E.) 45. 1933;
Wal. 1934;
Berr 1938;


Leichtlini, Regel; vaga, Fos.


Iris stolonifera cultivars: 'Decorated Blue Beard', 'Decorated Delight', 'Decorated Giant', 'George Barr', 'Here I Am', 'Leichtlini', 'Merlin's Magic', 'Real Harmony', 'Red, White, And Blue', 'Conical', 'TurkishDancer', 'Turkish Delight', 'Vaga', 'Zwanenburg Beauty'.


Iris stolonifera crosses:

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-- Main.RPries - 2009-12-10
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Chocolate_2016_001.jpgjpg Chocolate_2016_001.jpg manage 22 K 11 May 2016 - 20:35 Main.tomlwaters Photo by Tom Waters
I stolonifera <a class="foswikiNewLink" href="/bin/edit/Spec/NetworkJB19?topicparent=Spec.SpecStolonifera" rel="nofollow" title="Create this topic">NetworkJB19</a>.jpgjpg I stolonifera NetworkJB19.jpg manage 108 K 26 Apr 2019 - 13:01 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
I-stolonifera-White-FlagA.jpgjpg I-stolonifera-White-FlagA.jpg manage 67 K 14 Nov 2010 - 16:23 EleanorHutchison Photo by Elm Jensen
I-stolonifera-rhizomesA.jpgjpg I-stolonifera-rhizomesA.jpg manage 56 K 14 Nov 2010 - 16:22 EleanorHutchison Photo by Elm Jensen
I-stolonifera-variantA.jpgjpg I-stolonifera-variantA.jpg manage 63 K 14 Nov 2010 - 16:23 EleanorHutchison Photo by Elm Jensen
I._stoloniferaBlueJilek.jpgjpg I._stoloniferaBlueJilek.jpg manage 31 K 01 Mar 2015 - 16:21 Main.Betsy881 Photo from Jan Jilek. Collected in Uzbekistan.
Iris stolonifera Tiberius KWW.jpgjpg Iris stolonifera Tiberius KWW.jpg manage 102 K 15 Oct 2017 - 22:58 Main.KWalker Photo by Ken Walker; 'Tiberius', collected near Sina village in Uzbekistan.
Iris_stolonifera_KWW_1.JPGJPG Iris_stolonifera_KWW_1.JPG manage 65 K 24 Jan 2015 - 02:21 Main.KWalker Photo by Ken Walker
Iris_stolonifera_Sina_Dark_KWW_1.JPGJPG Iris_stolonifera_Sina_Dark_KWW_1.JPG manage 69 K 24 Jan 2015 - 03:13 Main.KWalker Photo by Ken Walker; 'Sina Dark', collected near Sina village in Uzbekistan in 1998 and introduced by Janis Ruksans.
IrisstolonifAnitaMoran01.jpgjpg IrisstolonifAnitaMoran01.jpg manage 21 K 12 Oct 2014 - 02:33 UnknownUser Photo by Anita Moran
IrisstoloniferaBabadagMountainsAnitaMoran02.jpgjpg IrisstoloniferaBabadagMountainsAnitaMoran02.jpg manage 36 K 12 Oct 2014 - 02:40 UnknownUser Photo by Anita Moran
Irisstolonifera_BabadagMountainsAnitaMoran.jpgjpg Irisstolonifera_BabadagMountainsAnitaMoran.jpg manage 48 K 12 Oct 2014 - 02:38 UnknownUser Photo by Anita Moran
KugiTangJB18.jpgjpg KugiTangJB18.jpg manage 41 K 10 May 2018 - 21:57 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
Network6.jpgjpg Network6.jpg manage 30 K 15 Dec 2019 - 16:25 UnknownUser Photo by Tom Waters-Telperion Oasis
Network_2016_001.jpgjpg Network_2016_001.jpg manage 19 K 11 May 2016 - 20:35 Main.tomlwaters Photo by Tom Waters
StoloniferaAugustusJB17bh.jpgjpg StoloniferaAugustusJB17bh.jpg manage 31 K 12 May 2017 - 22:09 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
StoloniferaBlueBeardJB.jpgjpg StoloniferaBlueBeardJB.jpg manage 22 K 09 Apr 2012 - 14:46 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
StoloniferaBluishElongated88.jpgjpg StoloniferaBluishElongated88.jpg manage 28 K 30 Dec 2010 - 15:24 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Elm Jensen
StoloniferaConical88.jpgjpg StoloniferaConical88.jpg manage 30 K 30 Dec 2010 - 15:25 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Elm Jensen
StoloniferaDecoratedBluebeard88.jpgjpg StoloniferaDecoratedBluebeard88.jpg manage 33 K 30 Dec 2010 - 15:26 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Elm Jensen
Stolonifera_From_Dykes.jpgjpg Stolonifera_From_Dykes.jpg manage 32 K 20 Apr 2010 - 13:42 UnknownUser Stolonifera from Dykes the Genus Iris
Vespasianus.jpgjpg Vespasianus.jpg manage 110 K 03 May 2018 - 20:29 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
stolon01.jpgjpg stolon01.jpg manage 21 K 19 Feb 2015 - 16:31 UnknownUser Photo by Anita Moran
stolonifera-clone1-75k.jpgjpg stolonifera-clone1-75k.jpg manage 72 K 02 Jan 2010 - 16:28 Main.Regelian I. stolonifera
stolonifera-clone3-3-75k.jpgjpg stolonifera-clone3-3-75k.jpg manage 72 K 02 Jan 2010 - 16:28 Main.Regelian I. stolonifera
stolonifera-clone3-75k.jpgjpg stolonifera-clone3-75k.jpg manage 71 K 02 Jan 2010 - 16:34 Main.Regelian stolonbifer-top view showing beards on standards.
stolonifera.jpgjpg stolonifera.jpg manage 49 K 16 Jan 2010 - 21:11 Main.shanatse I. stolonifera
stolonifera18.jpgjpg stolonifera18.jpg manage 29 K 05 Sep 2013 - 02:08 UnknownUser Photo by Tom Waters-Telperion Oasis
stolonifera4.JPGJPG stolonifera4.JPG manage 681 K 07 Dec 2017 - 15:21 UnknownUser Photo by Cascadia Iris Gardens
stoloniferaChocolate6.jpgjpg stoloniferaChocolate6.jpg manage 38 K 15 Dec 2019 - 16:20 UnknownUser Photo by Tom Waters-Telperion Oasis
stoloniferaJB17.JPGJPG stoloniferaJB17.JPG manage 43 K 17 Apr 2017 - 14:25 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
stoloniferaJD.jpgjpg stoloniferaJD.jpg manage 37 K 02 Apr 2013 - 14:22 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Joe Daugherty
stolonifera_-_Babadag_Mtns.jpgjpg stolonifera_-_Babadag_Mtns.jpg manage 17 K 08 Feb 2010 - 16:00 Main.Betsy881  
stolonifera_-_Morning_Coffee_-_Jensen.jpgjpg stolonifera_-_Morning_Coffee_-_Jensen.jpg manage 18 K 08 Feb 2010 - 16:02 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Jensen
stolonifera_Network_-_Bates.jpgjpg stolonifera_Network_-_Bates.jpg manage 26 K 08 Feb 2010 - 16:03 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Bates
stolonifera_White_Flag_-_Jensen.jpgjpg stolonifera_White_Flag_-_Jensen.jpg manage 17 K 08 Feb 2010 - 16:03 Main.Betsy881 Photo by Jensen
yellowstol1JB17.JPGJPG yellowstol1JB17.JPG manage 50 K 16 Apr 2017 - 15:01 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
yellowstol2JB17.JPGJPG yellowstol2JB17.JPG manage 39 K 16 Apr 2017 - 15:01 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
Topic revision: r43 - 21 Oct 2020, WayneMesser
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