, 1910). Seedling year 1906. TB. Late midseason bloom. Color Class S3D. Vilmorin 1910.
Nursery listings: Vilm. 1910; Wing 1920; Francis 1920; Sheets 1928; Brand 1932; Clev. 1938; Fair Farm 1938; Brookdale 1939.
| Journal de la Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France, 1908, 4e série, Tome IX, p. 654; 1922, Tome XXIII, p. 215; note: listed as introduced in 1906.
| Sturtevant's 1922 catalog gives "Alcazar (Vilm. 1910) — The , massive, widely branching stalks bear large flowers unsurpassed in garden effect; plant vigorous and long flowering; S. Light Mauve, F. deep Cotinga Purple with creamy haft and bronze veined throat. 42 in. F. C. C., R. H. S. 1.25"
| 'Alcazar': Although this is one of the older varieties, originated in 1911, it is still one of the finest Iris in cultivation. [Robert Wayman, "Best Twenty-five Irises", The Flower Grower Oct 1925: 404. Print.]
| "Standards mauve, falls dark purple. The bronze and yellow at its center add to the beauty of this large, vigorous well branched variety. 36 in. . . . . .25c; 3 for 60c."[Carl Salbach Iris Catalog, Berkeley, CA, 1930].
| Comment: A.H.Burgess and Son Waikanae, Wellington New Zealand first introduced 'Alcazar' into commerce in 1927, this description is from the 1930 catalogue. One of the largest and handsomest Irises in the collection; a strong grower and most profuse bloomer. Standards light bronzy violet; Falls long of a deep velvety purple. Mid-Season 3½ft. 2 shillings and sixpence. When first introduced Alcazar had clearer color, more vigor, more adaptability, better branching, bigger size, better substance, and better disease resistance than its contemporaries. At the time nearly every other garden iris of its day was diploid Alcazar was one of the first garden tetraploids; having a chromosome count of 2n=48. The significance being when introduced it represented a great advance over other garden irises of the time. This is due in no small way to Alcazar's I. trojana parentage. You might think what has a French bred Iris got to do with New Zealand's Iris heritage? Well featured below is a scan of page of Jean Stevens Stud Book 1925 Crosses which shows the use of Alcazar plus many other French and British Irises, Jean used in her early breeding programme. Some of these Irises I have recently referred to and featured on the blog and indicate how these irises formed the start of New Zealand's breeding Heritage.Yes they really are important!! Two pages of 5 for the 1925 season.
| From Bulletin 112: Color effect light hortense violet, velvety pansy-violet bicolor; Standards light mauve or hortense violet, shaded deeper in recesses of creped portions.; falls deep velvety pansy violet, bronzed and veined on wide outer haft and becoming olive-yellow along the dense, showy beard. A large well-balanced flower of extra substance, firm texture, and good fragrance. The exceptionally tall, widely branched flowering stalks are freely produced and well supported by excellent dark foliage of open growth. This is a distinct variety, and one of the best ten as a specimen plant. Rating 89.Vilmorin 1910.
| This an early bloomer and it can carry any handles. Source?
'Alcazar' was one of the most important early cultivars in the creation of the modern tetraploid tall-bearded Irises. Here is a list of it first generation crosses; (under construction)
|| 'Al Rashid',
|| 'Bengal Lancer',
|| 'Chief Iroquois',
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