See Show Calender


■(TB) 'Cardinal'

1919, Bliss

'Cardinal' (Arthur John Bliss) TB. 36", Midseason/Late bloom. Color Code-S9D. ('Trosuperba' x 'Dominion'). Bliss 1919. Fragrant. Award of Merit (R.H.S.) 1927; First Class Certificate (R.H.S.) 1930. Synonym: Cardinal Handon.

Nursery Listings: Wallace 1919; Glen Road (Sturtevant) 1924; Bonnewitz 1924; Treholme (Sheets) 1928; Wassenberg 1938; G. Bunyard & Co. 1938; Skylands Farm (Peckham) 1938; Rowancroft (M. E. Blacklock) 1939; Katkamier 1939.

Additional nurseries not listed: Bonnewitz 1926; Indian Spring Farms 1927; Tip Top 1936.

See below:

Courtesy of Mike Lowe from original HIPS websitePhoto by Anne Milner-Bliss Irises-United KingdomCardinal by Mike UnserCardinal By Mike UnserCardinal by Mike UnserCardinal by Mike UnserPhoto by Christine Cosi-Iris en Perigord- FrancePhoto by The Iris Fan


From Bonnewitz catalog, 1926: CARDINAL (Bliss) — Dominion Seedling $25.00. S. distinctive shade of lavender, overlaid with rose, carried erect and arching nicely at the top; F. large of rich prune purple, carrying the distinctive Dominion shape and texture. This variety has given us the very best Iris bloom we have ever seen in our own garden, and it has withstood the late May freezes of the past two seasons better than any other Dominion seedling.
From the Indian Spring Farms catalog for 1927: CARDINAL - "Dominion Seedling. One of the richest flowers of the Dominion race that carries the perfect form and velvety texture of its parent to greater height on low and widely-branched stems. S. a distinct shade of lavender, overlaid with rose, erect and arching inward at the top; F. rich raisin-purple, very broad and rounded, and of wonderful glossy texture. A rich, bright Iris that gives a beautiful color effect with transmitted light."
Peckham, E. (Ed.). (1940). Alphabetical iris check list: 1939, (p. 149). The American Iris Society.
Gardening illustrated v.52(1930), p. 651(4 Oct. 1930).
Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, Vol 53: Pt. 1, 116-160. Jan. 1928, Trials.


Quick Summary of Cultural Directions

Hardiness Zones 4-8 for most varieties, Some cultivars tolerate colder, others tolerate warmer zones (please comment in comment box with your location if this cultivar grows well in zone 3, 4, 9, or 10.)
Exposure Prefers full sun for optimal performance, may still bloom in half-day shade
Water: Prefers well drained good garden soil, Tolerant of dry conditions in established plants, Intolerant of swampy conditions.
PH Prefers Neutral to basic solis 6.1 to 8.5, quite toleranr of more extreme conditions
Fertilizer Prefers rich conditions on relatively inorganic soils.

BobPries - 21 Apr 2019

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Your Observations Are Valued. Please make note of bud count, branching, purple based foliage and bloom time, etc. Because these are affected by climate, note date, year and geographic location and write these and other comments in the comment box below.


-- MikeUnser - 2009-12-05
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Cardinal.jpgjpg Cardinal.jpg manage 27 K 12 Nov 2010 - 23:08 BobPries Courtesy of Mike Lowe from original HIPS website
CardinalTIF.jpgjpg CardinalTIF.jpg manage 32 K 04 Dec 2011 - 20:23 BetsyHiggins Photo by The Iris Fan
cardinal07.jpgjpg cardinal07.jpg manage 18 K 13 Sep 2013 - 14:40 TerryLaurin Photo by Anne Milner-Bliss Irises-United Kingdom
cardinal1-08.jpgjpg cardinal1-08.jpg manage 53 K 05 Dec 2009 - 16:31 Main.mikeu Cardinal by Mike Unser
cardinal1-10.jpgjpg cardinal1-10.jpg manage 39 K 09 Jul 2010 - 17:48 Main.mikeu Cardinal By Mike Unser
cardinal2-08.jpgjpg cardinal2-08.jpg manage 36 K 05 Dec 2009 - 16:30 Main.mikeu Cardinal by Mike Unser
cardinal3.jpgjpg cardinal3.jpg manage 29 K 05 Dec 2009 - 16:29 Main.mikeu Cardinal by Mike Unser
cardinal9.jpgjpg cardinal9.jpg manage 202 K 28 Aug 2020 - 00:40 TerryLaurin Photo by Christine Cosi-Iris en Perigord- France
Topic revision: r25 - 31 May 2022, TerryLaurin
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