1759, Botanical author Linnaeus, Originally considered a species Iris squalens L.
(Wild hybrid, Carl Linnaeus
, 1759, Central Europe to the Caucasus and Armenia). TB; Late season of bloom; "Rhizome stout, short-creeping. Leaves ensiform, glaucous, 1-1 1/2 ft. long, 1-1 1/2 in. broad. Stems 3-4 headed, 2-3 ft. long. Spathes 2-3 flowered, 1 1/2-2 in. long; valves oblong, subscariose; pedicel short. Perianth-tube under an inch long; limb 2 1/2-3 in. long; falls obovate-cuneate, reflexing from halfway down, the upper part plain bright lilac-purple, the claw veined with lilac-purple on a whitish or yellowish ground; beard bright yellow; standards obovate-unguiculate, as long and as broad as the falls, plain dull lilac and yellow or brownish and yellow. Style branches above an inch long; crests deltoid"- Handbook of the Irideae by J. P. Baker, p. 86,1892; Syst. pl. ed. 10:863. 1759; (Cultivated before 1790); Gordon 1790; Dickson 1794; Curtis's Botanical Magazine 21: tab. 787. 1805, illustrated in color Tougard 1839; Prince 1823; Gardeners' Chronicle 1883; Journal of The Royal Horticultural Society 15: 3. Oct 1889; Macoun; Hilaire 1929. [Iris variegata L. and Iris pallida Lam.].
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