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■ (SPEC) Iris chrysographes Dykes

Iris chrysographes 1911, botanical author Dykes

Iris chrysographes Dykes (William Rickatson Dykes, 1911, China); Section Limniris, Series Sibericae; 14-18" (35-45 cm), B7D; Flowers dark reddish violet with gold streaks in the signal area giving it its name (golden writing); Collected by E. H. Wilson in 1908, in China; See below:
AG-I CHRYSOGRAPAHES BEE SIGNAL-SC.jpgAG-I CHRYSOGRAPAHES BEE SIGNAL-SCcrppd.jpgchrygraphes4.JPGchrysograph01.JPGchrysographes02.jpgchrysographes03.jpgchrysographes04.jpgchrysographes06.JPGchrysographes1.JPGChrysographes Bot Mag 8433.jpgchrysographes edited-1.jpgchrysographes seed.jpgchrysographics by JanLauritzen .jpgchrysographics by JanLauritzen 4.jpgchrysographies12.jpgi-chrysographes-mu.jpgi-chrysographes1-06.jpgI.chrysographesJB16.JPGichrysograhesrubella01.jpgichrysograph.jpgIrischrysographes01.jpgSpecChrysographes by JanLauritzen.jpgSpecChrysographes by JanLauritzen 2.jpg
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References:

The Gardeners' Chronicle 49: 362. 1911.
The Curtis's Botanical Magazine. tab. 8433 in 1912, gives the following information along with the color illustration.

"The handsome Iris here figured was discovered in Western Szechuan in 1908, where it was found by Mr. E. H. Wilson growing in thickets near Kuan Hsien at elevations of from 7,000 to 11,000 feet above sea level. The plant from which the material for our plate was obtained was grown by Mr. W. R. Dykes in his garden at Charterhouse, Godalming, from a seedling raised by Miss Wilmott in her garden at Warley Place, Essex. It came into flower towards the end of May, 1911. A freely floriferous species and at the same time one of the most richly colored of these now in cultivation, I. chrysographes promises to prove a favorite garden plant. As Mr. Dykes has pointed out in the Gardeners' Chronicle, the species is a member of the "Sibirica" group, and is closely allied to I. Forestii, Dykes, but differs in colour of flower and in habit; it also flowers somewhat earlier than I. Forrestii. Among the more familiar species in collections it also approaches rather closely to I. laevigata, Fisch., but may be at once distinguished by its narrower, more sharply pointed spathes. The rich dark purple flowers with their velvety texture render the plant a very conspicuous object; the colour is well set off by the central line and the broken flanking streaks of golden yellow. These flanking streaks vary somewhat in number and extent, sometimes they are almost absent and only the central golden yellow line appears. Another species closely related to I. chrysographes is I. Delavayi, Micheli, from Yunnan, which has, however, a different capsule and seeds, and as a garden plant is readily distinguished by its taller statue and by its blue purple flowers with white markings. Mr. Dykes finds that I. chrysographes is not difficult to grow in any soil that is fairly rich in humus and is not heavily charged with lime. It appears not to demand either the excessive moisture or the very retentive soil in which I. Delavayi best succeeds.

Description.---Herb; rhizome rather slender, giving off several rather slender unbranched stems, hollow with a narrow lumen, about 1 ¼--1 ½ ft. high, bearing 1-2 reduced leaves and 1-2 flowers. Leaves linear, much narrowed upwards, acute, curving outwards, 1 ¼-1 ½ ft. long, ¼-1/3 in. wide, green. Spathes narrow, green, acute, 2-2 ½ in. long. Pedicels 1-1 ½ in. long. Perianth with tube about 5 lin. Long; outer segments much deflexed; blade oblong- or almost obovate-elliptic, 2 in. long, 1 in. wide, brilliant dark purple-violet, velvety papillose, marked in the center with golden yellow lines and streaks; claw linear-oblong, 1-1 ¼ in. long, reddish purple, finely dotted with golden yellow; inner segments erect, oblong, obtuse, narrowed below into a claw, altogether 2 ¼- 2 ½ in. long, 4-5 lin. Wide, dark purple-violet. Style with deep purple arms, their crests with ovate blunt lobes. Stamens with filaments about 8 lin. Long, anthers 6 lin. Long. Ovary 8 lin. Long.
Waddick & Zhao, Iris of China, 1992, illustrated in color;
Dykes, The Genus Iris 26. 1913,
Barr 1915; Van T. 1916; Van W. 1916; 1938; Per. 1924; 1938; Starker 1938; F & F 1939;
A.M., R.H.S. 1914, shown by Dykes; Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society 40: 2, cxxxiii. Nov. 1914;
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Synonyms

Goldvein Iris. ----

Chromosome counts:

n=20, 2n=40-Simonet 1932 ----

Variations

Iris chrysographes cultivars: ----

Hybrids

Iris chrysographes crosses:
  • Crosses within the Series Chrysographes often referred to as Sino-Siberians
    • Iris chrysographes X Iris bulleyana: 'Chrysogana Purpurea', 'Chrysogana', 'Epaulette'.
    • Iris bulleyana X Iris chrysograhes: 'Bullegraphes', 'Jenkinsii'.
    • Iris chrysographes X Iris forrestii: 'Chrysofor'], 'Chrysofor Bronze Queen', 'Chrysofor Canary', 'Chrysofor Delicata', 'Chrysofor Gloriosa', 'Chrysofor Maggie', 'Chrysofor Marion', 'Chrysofor Nancy', 'Chrysofor Peggy', 'Chrysofor Primrose Queen', 'Chrysofor Purpurea', 'Chrysofor Sunrise', 'Chrysofor Thelma'.
    • Iris forrestii X Iris chrysographes: 'Gamma'
    • Iris chrysographes X Unknown: 'Gold Spot', 'Pinwheel'.
  • Crosses between Series Sibiricae and Series Chrysographes kiss
    • Iris sanguinea X Iris chrysographes: 'Aegea'
    • Iris chrysographes X Iris sibirica: 'Chrysobirica', 'Chrysobirica Gloriosa', 'Chrysobirica' Purpurea', 'Cookley Blue', 'Helicon'.
    • Iris sibirica X Iris chrysographes: 'Violet Wave'.
CAL-SIBES, crosses between Iris chrysographes and Pacific Coast Natives
  • Iris chrysographes X Iris douglasiana: 'Chrysodoug', 'Margot Holmes'.
  • Iris douglasiana X Iris chrysographes: 'Dougraphes'.
  • Iris chrysographes X Iris hartwegii: 'Chrysowegii'.
  • Iris chrysographes X Iris innominata: 'Desert Dream', 'Desert Haze'.
  • Iris chrysographes X PCN hybrid: 'New Departure', 'Unexpected Development'.
Crosses with Series Laevigatae
  • Iris laevigata X Iris chrysographes: 'Esperance Ninety-Six', 'Fledgling'.
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Distribution And Cultivation


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-- Main.RPries - 2009-12-01
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
AG-I_CHRYSOGRAPAHES_BEE_SIGNAL-SC.jpgjpg AG-I_CHRYSOGRAPAHES_BEE_SIGNAL-SC.jpg manage 41 K 19 Sep 2010 - 21:08 UnknownUser Lorena Reid photo
AG-I_CHRYSOGRAPAHES_BEE_SIGNAL-SCcrppd.jpgjpg AG-I_CHRYSOGRAPAHES_BEE_SIGNAL-SCcrppd.jpg manage 35 K 19 Sep 2010 - 21:09 UnknownUser Lorena Reid photo
Chrysographes_Bot_Mag_8433.jpgjpg Chrysographes_Bot_Mag_8433.jpg manage 73 K 11 Feb 2014 - 20:17 BobPries Biodiversity Heritage Library
I.chrysographesJB16.JPGJPG I.chrysographesJB16.JPG manage 20 K 30 May 2016 - 13:19 Main.Betsy881 Photo by John Baumfalk
Irischrysographes01.jpgjpg Irischrysographes01.jpg manage 93 K 18 Sep 2014 - 02:18 Main.TLaurin Photo by Adele and Lewis Lawyer
SpecChrysographes_by_JanLauritzen.jpgjpg SpecChrysographes_by_JanLauritzen.jpg manage 68 K 30 Aug 2011 - 19:06 Main.janlauritzen Black form taken in Glendale Gardens, Victoria, Canada at the AIS 2011 National Convention
SpecChrysographes_by_JanLauritzen_2.jpgjpg SpecChrysographes_by_JanLauritzen_2.jpg manage 72 K 30 Aug 2011 - 19:07 Main.janlauritzen Black form taken in Glendale Gardens, Victoria, Canada at the AIS 2011 National Convention
chrygraphes4.JPGJPG chrygraphes4.JPG manage 1 MB 14 Dec 2017 - 14:39 Main.TLaurin Photo by Cascadia Iris Gardens
chrysograph01.JPGJPG chrysograph01.JPG manage 55 K 19 Feb 2015 - 15:58 Main.TLaurin Photo by Anita Moran
chrysographes02.jpgjpg chrysographes02.jpg manage 79 K 19 Nov 2014 - 16:42 Main.TLaurin Photo by Adele and Lewis Lawyer
chrysographes03.jpgjpg chrysographes03.jpg manage 65 K 19 Nov 2014 - 16:44 Main.TLaurin Photo by Adele and Lewis Lawyer
chrysographes04.jpgjpg chrysographes04.jpg manage 102 K 19 Nov 2014 - 18:13 Main.TLaurin Photo by Adele and Lewis Lawyer
chrysographes06.JPGJPG chrysographes06.JPG manage 173 K 02 Apr 2018 - 18:46 Main.TLaurin Photo by Cascadia Iris Gardens
chrysographes1.JPGJPG chrysographes1.JPG manage 1 MB 06 Feb 2017 - 15:34 Main.TLaurin Photo by Glenn Corlew
chrysographes_edited-1.jpgjpg chrysographes_edited-1.jpg manage 62 K 01 Dec 2009 - 20:21 UnknownUser Plate from Dykes' Genus Iris
chrysographes_seed.jpgjpg chrysographes_seed.jpg manage 45 K 29 Sep 2010 - 17:32 UnknownUser Seed
chrysographics_by_JanLauritzen_.jpgjpg chrysographics_by_JanLauritzen_.jpg manage 70 K 17 Feb 2012 - 08:36 Main.janlauritzen taken at the AIS Portland National in 2006
chrysographics_by_JanLauritzen_4.jpgjpg chrysographics_by_JanLauritzen_4.jpg manage 64 K 17 Feb 2012 - 08:37 Main.janlauritzen taken at the AIS Portland National in 2006
chrysographies12.jpgjpg chrysographies12.jpg manage 62 K 22 Jan 2014 - 16:05 Main.TLaurin Photo by Iris of Sissinghurst,UK
i-chrysographes-mu.jpgjpg i-chrysographes-mu.jpg manage 47 K 03 Dec 2009 - 03:39 Main.mikeu I. chrysographes by Mike Unser, seed grown by Heronswood Nursery when under Dan Hinkley
i-chrysographes1-06.jpgjpg i-chrysographes1-06.jpg manage 24 K 03 Dec 2009 - 03:40 Main.mikeu I. chrysographes by Mike Unser, seed grown by Heronswood Nursery when under Dan Hinkley
ichrysograhesrubella01.jpgjpg ichrysograhesrubella01.jpg manage 34 K 09 Oct 2014 - 15:28 Main.TLaurin Photo by Rowden Gardens-England
ichrysograph.jpgjpg ichrysograph.jpg manage 61 K 07 Jan 2010 - 18:42 Main.avmoran  
Topic revision: r33 - 02 Apr 2018, TLaurin
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